Al-Qayyum

AL-QAYYUM (القيُّوم) The All-Sustaining
AL-QA’IM (
القائم) The Sustainer
AL-QAYYIM (
القيم) The One Who Ensures Existence

AL-QAYYUM is the One whose nature is to exist, who remains and does not end. He is free of any dependence on anything else for existence. He was not created by any other being and He requires nothing to maintain His existence. All things arise from Him and eternally managed aright by Him. AL-QA’IM is the One who stands perpetually present over all of creation. He takes charge in guarding, maintenance and provision. This name is often linked with AL-HAYY to indicate that Allah’s existence is absolutely perfect. HAYY and QAYYUM express two aspects of One Life, HAYY for everlasting life and QAYYUM for self-existing life.

Evidence/s

  • Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence…. [Al-Baqarah 2:255]
  • Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. [Ali Imran 3:2]
  • Faces will be humbled to the Living, the All-Sustaining. And anyone weighed down with wrongdoing will have failed. [Ta Ha 20:111]
  • Anas ibn Malik (Radiyallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) relates that if any distress befell the Prophet (ﷺ), he would say: “YAHAYYU YA QAYYUM, BI-RAHMATIKA ASTAGHITH (O Living, O Sustaining, in Your Mercy I seek relief).” [Tirmidhi]

Links/Sources

  1. Audio: Explaining the Names of Allah by Dr. Fadi Yousef Kablawi (Abu Ubeidah Al-Maqdisi): Part 59 (Al-Qayyum)
  2. Article: With the Divine: Part 63 (Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyum) by Jinan Yousef

Ar-Razzaq, Ar-Raziq

AR- RAZZÂQ (الرزاق) The All-Provider
AR-RÂZIQ (الرازق) The Provider
KHAYRUR RÂZIQIN (خيرالرازقين) Best of Providers

Rizq (sustenanace) is already decreed for man ever since the soul was blown into the fetus. AR-RAZZÂQ is in the magnified form stressing Allah’s great magnitude and variety of Rizq. Allah is the provider and He alone controls Rizq. He grants or withholds Rizq to everyone, either He loves them or not, according to His wisdom. The verb form Razaqa (رَزَقَ) meaning “to provide” occurs 61 times in the holy Quran indicating that Allah is continuously providing Rizq. 

2 Kinds of Rizq

  1. Physical (material): wealth, beauty, family, house, income…
  2. Spiritual (abstract): guidance, wisdom, knowledge, peace of mind, talent, intelligence…

Evidence/s

  • “Verily, Allâh is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” (إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلرَّزَّاقُ ذُو ٱلۡقُوَّةِ ٱلۡمَتِينُ) [Adh-Dhariyat 51:58]
  • Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the Best of Providers.” [Al-Ma’idah 5:114]
  • And those who emigrated for the cause of Allah and then were killed or died – Allah will surely provide for them a good provision. And indeed, it is Allah who is the Best of Providers. [Al-Hajj 22:58]
  • Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the Best of Providers. [Al-Mu’minun 23:72]
  • Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the Best of Providers.” [Saba 34:39]
  • But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the Best of Providers.” [Al-Jumu’ah 62:11]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Ar-Raziq, Ar-Razzaq Part 1,Part 2) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Article: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Ar-Razzaq) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  3. Istighfar and Tawbah – How To And Why
  4. The Salah Series: Part 26 (Forgive Me) by Jinan Yousef

Al-Bari, Al-Musawwir

AL-BARI (البارئ) The Evolver
AL-MUSAWWIR (
المُصَوِّر) The Fashioner

AL-BARI is the One who brings into existence all types of creation according to His plan and estimation. He originates and puts them in perfect harmony and balanced proportions, within the creation itself and with other creatures. Fore example, plant gives oxygen to man and in return man gives carbon dioxide to plant. AL-MUSAWWIR is the One who shapes everything perfectly, without model, at the same time so that no two things are exactly alike. The holy Quran mentions the verb Yusawwir (يصور) meaning “to shape” in many places: “He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He wills.” (هُوَٱلَّذِى يُصَوِّرُڪُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡحَامِ كَيۡفَ يَشَآءُ‌ۚ) [Ali Imran 3:6]

Evidence/s

  • “He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things (Al-Bari), the Bestower of forms (Al-Musawwir). To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Al-Hashr 59:24]
  • And [recall] when Moses said to his people, “O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf [for worship]. So repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That is best for [all of] you in the sight of your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [Al-Baqarah 2:54]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Khaliq, Al-Khallaq,Al-Bari, Al-Musawwir) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Article: TheBeautiful Names of Allah (Al-Bari, Al-Musawwir) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi

Dhut Tawl, Dhul Fadl

DHUT TAWL (ذو الطول) Owner of Bounty
DHUL FADL (ذوالفضل) Owner of Bounty
DHUL FADLIL ‘ADHIM (ذوالفضل العظيم) Owner of Great Bounty

Linguistically, DHU means “with, in, on,or of” but DHU in the holy Quran is translated as Lord of, Owner of, or Possessor of. DHUT TAWL is the One who gives His creation favors and there’s no way you can pay that no matter what you do. DHUL FADLIL (ADHIM) is the One who gives more than what is asked for, more than what He needs to give.

Evidence/s

  • The Forgiver of sin, Acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, Owner of abundance (Dhut Tawl)…. [Ghafir 40:3]
  • … and Allah is the Possessor of bounty (Dhul Fadl) for the believers. [Ali Imran 3:152]
  • … And Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of the people do not show gratitude. [Al-Baqarah 2:243]
  • … but Allah is full of bounty to the worlds. [Al-Baqarah 2:251]
  • That is the bounty of Allah, which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty (Dhul Fadlil Adhim). [Al-Jumu’ah 62:4]
  • … and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Baqarah 2:105]
  • … And Allah is the Possessor of great bounty [Ali Imran 3:74, 174]
  • … And Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Anfal 8:29]
  • …. and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Hadid 57:21, 29]

Links/Sources

  1. Audio: Explaining the Names of Allah by Dr. Fadi Yousef Kablawi (Abu Ubeidah Al-Maqdisi): Part 80 (Dhut Tawl, Dhul Fadl, Dhul Ma’arij)

Dhul Ma’arij

DHUL MA’ARIJ (ذو المعارج) Owner of The Ways of Ascent

DHU, which literally means “with, in, on,or of” is translated as “Lord/Owner/Possessor of” in the holy Quran. M’IRAJ (ascent), singular form of MA’ARIJ, is related to Highness because to ascend means to go up, higher and higher to the One who is All-High.

The angels ascend to Allah

Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu): Allah’s Apostle said, “A group of angels stay with you at night and another group of angels by daytime, and both groups gather at the time of the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers. Then those angels who have stayed with you overnight, ascend (to Heaven) and Allah asks them (about you) – and He knows everything about you. ‘In what state did you leave My slaves?’ The angels reply, ‘When we left them, they were praying, and when we reached them they were praying.'” [Bukhari]

The good deeds of people ascend to Him

Whoever desires honor [through power] –then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it…. [Fatir 35:10]. Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu): Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) said, “If somebody gives in charity something equal to a date from his honestly earned money for nothing ascends to Allah except good – then Allah will take it in His Right (Hand) and bring it up for its owner as anyone of you brings up a baby horse, till it becomes like a mountain.” Abu Hurairah said: The Prophet said, “Nothing ascends to Allah except good.” [Bukhari]

Evidence/s

  • [It is] from Allah, Owner of the ways of ascent. [Al-Ma’arij 70:3]

Links/Sources

  1. Audio: Explaining the Names of Allah by Dr. Fadi Yousef Kablawi (Abu Ubeidah Al-Maqdisi): Dhut Tawl, Dhul Fadl, Dhul Ma’arij

Al-Hayyiy

AL-ḤAYYĪY (الحيي) The Perfectly Modest

Linguistically, HAYA means modesty, shyness, humility and bashfulness. AL-HAYYIY is the One who owns perfect modesty. He loves and inspires modesty and shyness in His slaves. HAYA is often seen as negative character of weakness and lack of confidence. Islamically, HAYA is either good or bad. The good HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah forbade and bad HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah ordered. – Abdullah ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhu) narrated: “The Prophet passed by a man who was admonishing his brother regarding Haya and was saying: ‘You are very shy,and I am afraid that might harm you.’ On that, the Prophet said: ‘Leave him, for Haya is (a part) of faith.'” [Bukhari]

Evidence/s

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Verily! Allah, the Mighty and Majestic is Halim (Forebearing), Hayyi (Shy), Sittir (Covering). He loves modesty and shyness and covering. Therefore when any of you bathe let him cover himself (i.e. from the sight of people).” [Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Al-Baihaqi, Ahmed, graded as Sahih]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Indeed your Lord is the Shy One, the Generous, Allah is shy from His slave if the slave raises his hands towards Him, that He would return them without anything.” [Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah – authenticated by Al-Albani]

Five virtues of Haya

  1. Allah loves Haya. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Surely Allah (is the One who) has Haya and is the Protector. He loves Haya and people who cover each other’s faults.” [Bukhari]
  2. Haya is the character of Islam.  The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Every religion has an innate character. The character of Islam is Haya.” [Abu Dawud]
  3. Haya brings good to everything in which it is found. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya does not bring anything except good.” [Bukhari]; “When lewdness is a part of anything, it becomes defective; and when Haya is part of anything it becomes beautiful.” [Tirmidhi]
  4. One’s level of Haya is an indication of one’s faith (Iman). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Iman consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya is a part of Iman. [Bukhari]
  5. Haya leads to Paradise (Jannah). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya comes from Iman; and Iman leads to Jannah. Obscenity comes from aversion; and aversion leads to the Hire.” [Bukhari]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Hayyiy) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Article: With the Divine: Part 28 (Al-Hayyiy) by Jinan Yousef

Al-Musta’an

AL-MUSTA’AN (المستعان) The One Sought For Help

AL-MUSTA’AN is the One whose help is sought and in whom refuge is taken. Linguistically, ISTI’ANAH refers to the concept of seeking help. ISTI’ANAH is an act of worship which is seeking the help from Allah alone. His help is always sought because He is capable to provide the best help at all times in any situation. Anyone’s help is dependent on His help, so turn to Him first before others. –  “You alone do we worship,and You alone do we turn for help.” [Al-Fatihah 1:5]. The Prophet said: “…If you seek help, seek help from Allah alone; and if you need assistance, supplicate to Allah Alone for help….” [Tirmidhi]. His help will come from where you never could have imagined.  – “And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him….” [At-Talaq 65:3]

Evidence/s

  • … [Jacob] said, “Rather, your souls have enticed you to something, so patience is most fitting. And Allah is the one sought for help against that which you describe.” [Yusuf 12:18]
  • He (Muhammad) said, “My Lord, judge between us in truth. And our Lord is the Most Merciful, the one whose help is sought against that which you describe.” [Al-Anbiya 21:112]