Lut bin Haran

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

PROPHET LUT (لوط)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)

 About him

  • His father was Haran, a brother of Prophet Ibrahim.
  • He was from Sadum (Sodom) in Palestine, which was on the western shore of the Dead Sea.
  • Prophet Ibrahim left Iraq accompanied by his nephew Lut, who then went to the city of Sodom
  • Its residents waylaid, robbed and killed travelers.
  • Sodom city was filled with evil. Men had sex with men instead of with women, which was practiced openly and unashamedly. This unnatural act later became known as sodomy (after the city of Sodom).

Lut’s preaching to his people

  • It was at the height of these crimes and sins that Allah revealed to Prophet Lut that he should summon the people to give up their indecent behavior.
  • But they were so deeply sunk in their immoral habits that they were deaf to Lut’s preaching.
  • Swamped in their unnatural desires, they refused to listen, even when Lut warned them of Allah’s punishment.
  • Instead, they threatened to drive him out of the city if he kept on preaching.
  • The people of Lut (those dwelt in the towns of Sodom in Palestine) belied the Messengers when their brother Lut said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him? Verily! I am a trustworthy Messenger to you. So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islamic Monotheism) my reward is only from the Lord of the Alamin. Go you in unto the males of the Alamin (mankind), and leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your wives? Nay, you are a trespassing people!” They said: “If you cease not, O Lut! Verily, you will be one of those who are driven out!” He said: “I am indeed, of those who disapprove with severe anger and fury your (this evil) action (of sodomy). My Lord! Save me and my family from what they do.” So We saved him and his family, all except an old woman (this wife) among those who remained behind. [Ash-Shu’ara 26:160-171]

His family

  • The actions of Lut’s people saddened his heart.
  • Their unwholesome reputation spread throughout the land, while he struggled against them
  • As the years passed, he persisted in his mission but to no avail.
  • No one responded to his call except for the members of his family, with the exclusion of his wife who was a disbeliever.
  • Allah set forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Noah and the wife of Lut. They were under two of Our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands, by rejecting their doctrines) so they (Nuh & Lut) benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allah, and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter! [At-Tahrim 66:10]

His prayer

  • Overwhelmed with despair, Lut prayed to Allah to grant him victory and destroy the corrupt.
  • Therefore, the angels left Ibrahim and headed for Sodom and reached the walls of the town in the afternoon.
  • The first person who caught sight of them was Lut’s daughter, who was sitting beside the river, filling her jug with water.
  • When she lifted her face and saw them, she was stunned that there could be men of such magnificent beauty on earth.

The 3 angels

  • One of the tree men (angels) asked her: “O maiden, is there a place to rest?”
  • Remembering the character of her people, she replied, “Stay here and do not enter until I inform my father and return.” Leaving her jug by the river, she swiftly ran home.
  • “O father!” she cried. “You are wanted by young men at the town gate and I have never before seen the like of their faces!”
  • Lut felt distressed as he quickly ran to his guests. He asked them where they came from and where they were going. They did not answer his questions.
  • Instead they asked if he could host them. He started talking with them and impressed upon them the subject of his people’s nature.
  • Lut was filled with turmoil; he wanted to convince his guests without offending them, not to spend the night there, yet at the same time he wanted to extend to them the expected hospitality normally accorded to guests.
  • In vain, he tried to make them understand the perilous situation. At last, therefore, he requested them to wait until the night fell, for then no one would see them.
  • When darkness fell on the town, Lut escorted his guest to his home. No one was aware of their presence. However, as soon as Lut’s wife saw them, she slipped out of the house quietly so that no one noticed her. Quickly, she ran to her people with the news and it spread to all the inhabitants like wildfire.
  • The people rushed towards Lut quickly and excitedly. Lut was surprised by their discovery of his guests. and he wondered who could have informed them. The matter became clear, however, when he could not find his wife, anywhere, thus adding grief to his sorrow.
  • When Lut saw the mob approaching his house, he shut the door, but they kept on banging on it. He pleaded with them to leave the visitors alone and fear Allah’s punishment. He urged them to seek sexual fulfillment with their wives, for that is what Allah had made lawful.
  • Lut’s people waited until he had finished his short sermon, and then they roared with laughter. Blinded by passion, they broke down the door
  • Lut became very angry, but he stood powerless before these violent people. He was unable to prevent the abuse of his guests, but he firmly stood his ground and continued to plead with the mob
  • At that terrible moment, he wished he had the power to push them away from his guests. Seeing him in a state of helplessness, and grief the guests said: “Do not be anxious or frightened, Lut for we are angels, and these people will not harm you.”
  • On hearing this, the mob was terrified and fled from Lut’s house, hurling threats at him as they left
  • The angels told Prophet Lut to leave his house before sunrise, taking with him all his family except his wife
  • Allah had decreed that the city of Sodom should perish. An earthquake rocked the town
  • It was as if a mighty power had lifted the entire city and flung it down in one jolt
  • A storm of stones rained on the city. Everyone and everything was destroyed
  • According to archaeological findings, the area is covered with Sulphur (from volcanic eruption)

Proof

  • And tell them about the guests (angels) of Ibrahim. When they entered unto him, and said: “Peace!” Ibrahim said: “Indeed! We are afraid of you.” They (the angels) said: “Do not be afraid! We give you glad tidings of a boy (son) possessing much knowledge and wisdom.” (Ibrahim) said: “Do you give me glad tidings (of a son) when old age has overtaken me? Of what then is your news?” They (the angels) said: “We give you glad tidings in truth. SO be not of the despairing.” Ibrahim said: “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?” (Ibrahim again) said: “What then is the business on which you have come, O Messengers?” They (the angels) said: “We have been sent to a people who are Mujrimin (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners). (All) except the family of Lut. Them all we are surely going to save (from destruction).” Except his wife, of whom We have decreed that she shall be of the those who remain behind (she will be destroyed).Then when the Messengers (the angels) came unto the family of Lut, he said: “Verily! You are people unknown to me.” They said: “Nay! we have come to you with that (torment) which they have been doubting. And we have brought to you the truth (the news of the destruction of your nation) and certainly, we tell the truth. Then travel in a part of the night with your family, and you go behind them in the rear, and let no one amongst you look back, but go on to where you are ordered.” And We made known this decree to him, that the root of those (sinners) was to be cut off in the early morning. [Al-Hijr 15:51-77]
  • So we saved him and his family, all, except an old woman (his wife) among those who remained behind. Then afterward We destroyed the others. We rained on them a rain of torment. How evil was the rain of those who had been warned. Verily, in this is indeed a sign yet most of them are not believers. Verily! Your Lord, He is indeed the All Mighty, the Most Merciful. [Ash-Shu’ara 26:170-175]

Lut went to his uncle

  • Their towns and names have been erased from the face of the earth
  • Lut proceeded towards Ibrahim
  • He visited him, and when he recounted the story of his people, he was surprised to learn that Ibrahim already knew.
  • So Lut continued to invite people to Allah, as did Ibrahim, the patient one who turned to Allah repentantly, and the two held firm to their mission.

The Dead Sea

  • The Dead Sea is called “dead” because its high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms, such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present. In Arabic, it is called Al-Bahr Al-Mayyit or less commonly Bahr Lut (The Sea of Lut).
  • Why the ‘Dead Sea’ is the lowest place on earth? It was near the land in which the Prophet Lut lived. The people in this area were considered wicked for their acts of homosexuality, robbery and murder, and therefore Allah had ordained punishment to the people of Lut for these deeds. The punishment arrived when 3 angels in the form of handsome men were sent down by Allah as guests for Lut to host. When Lut’s people heard of the men, they rushed to Lut’s house with their explicit intentions and asked Lut to turn over these men to them. This was the final test for the people of Lut in which they failed, so angel Jibril raised the land where the prophet’s people lived, tipped it upside down and threw it back on earth, causing the ground near the impact to cave in. Thus, the lowest land on earth was formed because of this punishment. The non-believers were destroyed and the followers were saved.
  • Surah Ar-Rum refers to the Dead Sea as the lowest place on earth. Alif, Lam, Mim. The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but after their defeat they will be victorious within few (three to nine) years. The affair is Allah’s from beginning to end. On that day, the believers will rejoice. [Ar-Rum 30:1-4]

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

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