Shu’ayb from Madyan

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Shu’ayb (شعيب)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him


 Who was he?

  • His English name probably was Jethro.
  • He was Prophet Musa’s father-in-law.

Who are the people of Madyan?

  • They were Arabs who lived in the country of Ma’an, part of present day Syria.
  • They did not believe that Allah existed.
  • They led wicked lives. They waylaid people.
  • They were greedy. They gave short measure (cheated on weights). They praised their goods beyond their worth, hid their defects and lied to their customers, thereby cheating them.
  • They are the Ashab Al-Aykah (Aikah: a big dense tree with branches intertwined together. [Read Surah Al-Araf 7:85-87]

Ash-Shu’ara 26:176-180

  • The dwellers of Al-Aykah (near Madyan) belied the Messengers.
  • When Shu’ayb said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him?”
  • I am a trustworthy Messenger to you.
  • So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me.
  • No reward do I ask of you for it (my message of Islamic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the Alamin.

Ash-Shu’ara 26:181-184

  • Give full measure, and cause no loss to others.
  • And weigh with the true and straight balance.
  • And defraud not people by reducing their things nor do evil making corruption and mischief in the land.
  • Fear Him Who created you and the generations of the men of old.”

Ash-Shu’ara 26:185-187

  • They said: “You are only one of those bewitched!
  • You are but a human being like us and verily, we think that you are one of the liars!
  • So cause a piece of heaven to fall on us, if you are of the truthful!”

Shu’ayb was sent to them

  • Allah sent His Prophet Shu’ayb armed with many miracles.
  • He preached to them and begged them to be mindful of Allah’s favors.
  • He warned them of the consequences of their evil ways.

Their reaction to him

  • They only mocked him. They seized his belongings and of his followers.
  • Then they drove them out of the city.

His reaction to them

  • He remained calm. He reminded them of that his kinship to them and that what he was doing was not for his personal gain.
  • He turned to his Lord for help, and his plea was answered.

The punishment

  • Allah sent down on them scorching heat and they suffered terribly On seeing a cloud gathering in the sky, they thought it would bring cool, refreshing rain, and rushed outside in the hope of enjoying the rainfall.
  • Instead the cloud burst, hurling thunderbolts and fire. They heard a thunderous sound from above which caused the earth under their feet to tremble. The evil doers perished in this state of horror.
  • He said: “My Lord is the Best Knower of what you do.” But, they belied him, so the torment of the day of shadow (a gloomy cloud) seized them, indeed that was the torment of a Great Day. Verily, in this is a sign yet most of them are not believers. And verily! Your Lord, He is indeed the All Mighty, the Most Merciful.” [Ash-Shu’ara 26:188-191]

Proof

  • To the people of Madyan,We sent their brother Shu’ayb. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah but Him. Verily! a clear proof (sign) from your Lord has come unto you; so give full measure and full weight and wrong not men in their things, and do not mischief on the earth after it has been set in order that will be better for you, if you are believers. And sit not on every road, threatening, and hindering from the Path of Allah those who believe in Him, and seeking to make it crooked. Remember when you were but few, and He multiplied you. See what was the end of the Mufsidin (mischief makers, corrupts and liars). And if there is a party of you who believes in that which I have been sent and a party who do not believe, so be patient until Allah judges between us, and He is the Best of judges. The chiefs of those who were arrogant among his people said: “We shall certainly drive you out, O Shu’ayb! And those who have believed with you from our town, or else you all shall return to our religion.” He said: “Even though we hate it! We should have invented a lie against Allah if we returned to your religion, after Allah has rescued us from it. It is not for us to return to it unless Allah, our Lord, should will. Our Lord comprehends all things in His Knowledge. In Allah (Alone) we put our trust. Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those Who gives judgment.” The chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people said to their people: “If you follow Shu’ayb be sure then you will be the losers!” Then he (Shu’ayb) turned from them and said: “O my people! I have indeed conveyed my Lord’s Messages unto you and I have given you good advice. Then how can I sorrow for the disbelieving people’s (destruction).” [Al-An’am 7:85-93]

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

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