Al-Alim, Al-Allam

AL-‘ALĪM (العليم) The All-Knowing

AL-‘ᾹLIM (العَالِمُ) The Knowing

Al-‘ALLĀM (العلام) The Most Knowing

‘ALLĀMUL GHUYUB (عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ) Knower of the unseen

‘ᾹLIMUL GHAYBI WASH-SHAHADAH (عَالِمُالْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ) Knower of the Unseen and the Seen

Linguistically, the more intense form of ‘ᾹLIM (one who knows) is ‘ALĪM (one who intuitively knows with certainty) and its most intensified form is ‘ALLᾹM (one who knows the most). Therefore, ‘ALLᾹM indicates perfection, completeness, absoluteness and totality of Allah’s ILM (knowledge). His attribute of being ‘ALLAM (most knowing) is always linked to the GHAYB (unseen) to stress that human knowledge is imperfect and limited, despite the modernization and advancement of science and technology.

He knows and comprehends the complete details of everything with certainty. Allah’s knowledge is all-inclusive, comprehensive, concealed and detailed. It is neither acquired through learning nor preceded by ignorance nor followed by shortcomings. His knowledge of past, present and future is deeply-rooted and complete in all respects. Knowledge about Allah is the origin and basis of every other type of knowledge. By knowing Him, all the other types of knowledge will be known. Allah has the highest level of knowledge and the highest form of knowledge is the knowledge about Him.

Evidence/s

  • … And Allah is All-Encompassing [in favor] and All-Knowing. [Al-Baqarah 2:247 at 268]
  • … and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. [Al-An’am 6:13]
  • … Such is the measuring of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. [Al-An’am 6:96]
  • Indeed, your Lord is the All-Knowing Creator. [Al-Hijr 15:86]
  • … and He is the All-Knowing Supreme Creator. [Yasin 36:81]
  • … Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen (Allamul Ghuyub).” [Al-Maidah 5:109 and 116]
  • Say, “Indeed, my Lord projects the truth, Knower of the unseen.” [Saba 34:48]
  • He is Allah, other than whom there is no deity, Knower of the unseen and the seen (Alimul Ghaybi Wash-Shahadah). He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. [Al-Hashr 59:22]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Anyone who says three times in the evening: BISMILLAHIL LA-DHI LA YADURRU MA’ASMIHI SHAY’IN FIL ARDI WA LAFIS SAMA WA HUWAS SAMI’UL ALIM (بسم الله الذي لا يضر مع اسمه شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء وهو السميعالعليم) In the name of Allah, with whose name nothing on earth or in the sky can harm. And He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing — nothing will harm them until the morning, and anyone who says it three times in the morning, nothing will harm them until the evening.” [Ahmad]

The Prophet (ﷺ) said about knowledge

  • “Convey [i.e., knowledge] from me even a single verse….” [Bukhari]
  • “When the human being dies, his deeds come to an end except for three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who prays for him.” [Muslim]
  • “He who takes a path to where he can acquire knowledge, Allah shall ease for him a path to the Gardens of Eternity.” [Muslim]
  • “Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim man and every Muslim woman. [Ibn Majah]
  • “Knowledge from which no benefit is derived is like a treasure out of which nothing is spent in the cause of God.” [Tirmidhi]
  • “Acquire knowledge and impart it to the people.” [Tirmidhi]
  • “O Allah! Grant me benefit in what you have taught me, and teach me useful knowledge and provide me with knowledge that will benefit me.” [An-Nasa’i and Al-Hakim]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Alim Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part4) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Audio: Audio: Explaining the Names of Allah by Dr. Fadi Yousef Kablawi (Abu Ubeidah Al-Maqdisi): Part 27 (Al-Ᾱlim, Al-Alim, Al-Allam)
  3. Article: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Alim) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  4. Article: With the Divine: Part 14 (Al-Alim, Al-Hakim) and Part 47 (Alim Al-Ghayb Wa Ash-Shahadah) by Jinan Yousef

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