Al-Hayyiy

AL-ḤAYYĪY (الحيي) The Perfectly Modest

Linguistically, HAYA means modesty, shyness, humility and bashfulness. AL-HAYYIY is the One who owns perfect modesty. He loves and inspires modesty and shyness in His slaves. HAYA is often seen as negative character of weakness and lack of confidence. Islamically, HAYA is either good or bad. The good HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah forbade and bad HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah ordered. – Abdullah ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhu) narrated: “The Prophet passed by a man who was admonishing his brother regarding Haya and was saying: ‘You are very shy,and I am afraid that might harm you.’ On that, the Prophet said: ‘Leave him, for Haya is (a part) of faith.'” [Bukhari]

Evidence/s

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Verily! Allah, the Mighty and Majestic is Halim (Forebearing), Hayyi (Shy), Sittir (Covering). He loves modesty and shyness and covering. Therefore when any of you bathe let him cover himself (i.e. from the sight of people).” [Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Al-Baihaqi, Ahmed, graded as Sahih]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Indeed your Lord is the Shy One, the Generous, Allah is shy from His slave if the slave raises his hands towards Him, that He would return them without anything.” [Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah – authenticated by Al-Albani]

Five virtues of Haya

  1. Allah loves Haya. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Surely Allah (is the One who) has Haya and is the Protector. He loves Haya and people who cover each other’s faults.” [Bukhari]
  2. Haya is the character of Islam.  The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Every religion has an innate character. The character of Islam is Haya.” [Abu Dawud]
  3. Haya brings good to everything in which it is found. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya does not bring anything except good.” [Bukhari]; “When lewdness is a part of anything, it becomes defective; and when Haya is part of anything it becomes beautiful.” [Tirmidhi]
  4. One’s level of Haya is an indication of one’s faith (Iman). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Iman consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya is a part of Iman. [Bukhari]
  5. Haya leads to Paradise (Jannah). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya comes from Iman; and Iman leads to Jannah. Obscenity comes from aversion; and aversion leads to the Hire.” [Bukhari]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Hayyiy) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Article: With the Divine: Part 28 (Al-Hayyiy) by Jinan Yousef

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