ASH-SHAHĪD (الشهيد) The All-Witnessing

ASH-SHAHID is the One who is fully-aware of everything and witnesses every single thing directly. He has full knowledge of all matters that happen everywhere at all times. Nothing is hidden from Him and nothing escapes Him. He is the best witness, who witnesses both the seen and the unseen. – “… But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness?” [Fussilat 41:53]. He is the ultimate witness on the Day of Judgment. He will let everyone to be present at the MASH-HAD to testify. The word MASH-HAD means the time or place where evidence is taken or where people are produced to be judged. All the creatures will be present and will witness its horrors, and the angels will also be present. – “That is a Day for which the people will be collected, and that is a Day [which will be] witnessed.” [Hud 11:103]

When Allah’s Supreme Mastery over all things blends with the knowledge of the innermost invisible secrets, He is called AL-KHABIR (the All-Aware); but when it blends with the knowledge of the manifest matters, then He is called ASH-SHAHID (the All-Witnessing).


  • … Allah is sufficient as a Witness. [An-Nisa 4:79]
  • “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, “Allah is witness between me and you.” [Al-An’am 6:19]
  • … and You are, over all things, Witness. [Al-Maìdah 5:117]
  • … Indeed Allah is, over all things, Witness. [Al-Hajj 22:17]
  • Say: “Allah is a sufficient Witness between me and you. He is certainly aware of and sees His servants.” [Al-Isra 17:96]
  • Say, “Sufficient is Allah between me and you as Witness. [Al-Ánkabut 29:52]
  • … and Allah is, over all things, Witness. [Al-Mujadilah 58:6]
  • … and whatever deed you (mankind) may be doing (good or evil), We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord…. [Yunus 10:61]

Man’s very first testimony while still a soul

“And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], “Am I not your Lord?” They said, “Yes, we have testified.” [This] – lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection, “Indeed, we were of this unaware.” [Al-Araf 7:172]

Allah stated that He brought the descendants of Adam out of their fathers’ loins, and they testified against themselves that Allah is their Lord and King and that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him. Allah then said, and made them testify as to themselves, saying: “Am I not your Lord?” They said: “Yes!” It will be said to a man from the people of the Fire on the Day of Resurrection, “If you owned all that is on the earth, would you pay it as ransom?” He will reply, “Yes.” Allah will say, “I ordered you with what is less than that, when you were still in Adam’s loins, that is, associate none with Me (in worship). You insisted that you associate with Me (in worship).” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir]

Make your limbs testify for you and not against you

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘I was amazed at how a servant will dispute with his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. He will say, “My Lord, did You not promise me that you would not treat me unjustly?” Allah will say, “Yes.” The man will say, “I will not accept any witness against me except from myself.” Allah will say, “Is it not sufficient that I and the angels, the noble scribes, are witnesses?” These words will be repeated several times, then a seal will be placed over his mouth and his limbs will speak about what he used to do. Then he will say, “Away with you! It was only for your sake that I was arguing!”‘ [Muslim and An-Nasa’i]


  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Muhaymin, Ar-Raqib, Ash-Shahid) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Audio: Explaining the Names of Allah by Dr. Fadi Yousef Kablawi (Abu Ubeidah Al-Maqdisi): Part 51 (Ash-Shahid)

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