Allah, Al-Ilah

ALLAH (الله) The Only One True God
AL-ILAH (
الإله) The God

ALLAH is the proper name for the Unique God. The word ALLAH is a contraction of AL (ال) THE + ILAH (إله) GOD = AL-ILAH (الإله) THE GOD. The Hamzah is dropped for easy pronunciation. AL-ILAH (i.e., Allah) has similarities in other Semitic languages like ELAH in Aramaic and ELOHIM in Hebrew.  ALLAH is the greatest and most beautiful of His names because it encompasses all of His divine names and perfect attributes. Nothing else has been given this name, either metaphorically or literally. ALLAH cannot be described as a male or a female and cannot be found in the plural form. Al-Hassan Al-Basri said that the word “Allahumma (اللهم) O Allah” combines all the beautiful names of Allah. When one says “Allahumma,” he has called Allah by all His Beautiful Names.

  • He does not become a human being. – … There is nothing like unto Him…. [Ash-Shura 42:11]
  • He does not perform ungodly acts. – Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, even as much as an atom’s weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward. [An-Nisa 4:40]
  • He does not make mistakes and does not forget. – [Moses] said, “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord neither errs nor forgets.” [Ta-ha 20:52]

AL-ILAH is the One who is worshipped in truth, deserving full rights and pure worship, without rival in divinity. No one but Him is truly deserving of worship because He alone can grant benefit to man as a result of his worship. The relationship between the infinite God and the finite man is man’s worship of Him in thoughts, in words and in deeds. AL-ILAH made it a part of man’s nature to worship Him. – “And I created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).” [Adh-Dhariyat 51:56]. Verse 4 of Surah Al-Fatihah reads “You alone do we worship and from You do we seek help” which is very clear that all forms of worship must only be directed to Allah. The Prophet (ﷺ) confirmed the concept of unity of worship saying: “If you ask in prayer ask only Allah, and if you seek help seek it only from Allah.” [Tirmidhi]

Evidence/s

  • Say (O Muhammad): “He is Allah, The One. Allah, The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)]. He begets not, nor was He begotten; and there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” [Al-Ikhlas 112:1-4]
  • He is Allah, beside Whom none has the right to be worshipped but He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. He is Allah beside Whom none has the right to be worshipped but He, the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Al-Hashr 59:22-24]
  • And your god is one God. There is no deity [worthy of worship] except Him, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. [Al-Baqarah 2:163]
  • They have certainly disbelieved who say, “Allah is the third of three.” And there is no god except one God…. [Al-Ma’idah 5:73]
  • … And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him. [At-Tawbah 9:31]
  • Say (O Muhammad): “It is revealed to me that your Ilah (God) is only one Ilah (God – Allah). Will you then submit to His Will (become Muslims and stop worshipping others besides Allah)?” [Al-Anbiya 21:108]
  • It is He (Allah) Who is the only Ilah (God to be worshipped) in the heaven and the only Ilah (God to be worshipped) on the earth. And He is the All-Wise, the All-Knower. [Az-Zukhruf 43:84]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Renew your faith.” They asked: “How can we renew our faith?”  The Prophet replied: “Say always: LA ILAHA ILLALLAH – there is no god but Allah.” [Ahmad]

Links/Sources

  1. Article: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Allah) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  2. Article: The Greatest Name of Allah by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  3. Article: With the Divine: Part 72 (Allah) by Jinan Yousef

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