Relationship With Own-Self (العلاقة مع الذاتية)
AL-IT’AMAH الأطعمة FOOD
By the mercy of Allah and His kindness, He has permitted us to eat all good things, and He has not forbidden anything but those that are impure.
“He it is Who has made the earth subservient unto you, so Walk in the paths thereof and eat of His providence. And unto Him will be the resurrection (of the dead).” [Al-Mulk 67:15]
“… he allows them as lawful At-Tayyibat (i.e. all good and lawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons and foods), and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khaba’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons and foods)…” [Al-A’raf 7:157]
4 categories on food and drinks
- The Maytah (carrion)
- The blood
- The flesh of swine
- The drinking of alcohol
- An animal that died on its own
- An animal slaughtered not expressly killed for food with the Takbir duly pronounced on it
5 kinds of Maytah that are Haram
- Choked by something
- Beaten by hard object
- Fell down from high place
- Kicked by another animal
- Killed by another animal
- The blood is congealed before being taken out of the body. If the blood still flows and the solemn mode of slaughter (Dabh) in the name of Allah is carried out, it becomes lawful as food.
- “So eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name has been pronounced, if you have faith in His Signs. Why should you not eat of (meats) on which Allah’s name has been pronounced, when He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you – except under compulsion of necessity? But many do mislead (men) by their appetites unchecked by knowledge. Your Lord knows best those who transgress.” [Al-An’am 6:118-119]
Proof from the Qur’an
- Forbidden unto you (for food) are carrion and blood and swine-flesh, and that which hath been dedicated unto any other than Allah, and the strangled, and the dead through beating, and the dead through falling from a height, and that which hath been killed by (the goring of) horns, and the devoured of wild beasts, saving that which ye make lawful (by the death-stroke), and that which hath been immolated unto idols. And (forbidden is it) that ye swear by the divining arrows. This is an abomination. This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor unto you, and have chosen for you as religion AL-ISLAM. Whoso is forced by hunger, not by will, to sin: (for him) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. [Al-Ma’idah 5:3]
- “Say (O Muhammad): “I find not in that which has been revealed to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maytah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork) for that surely is impure, or impious (unlawful) meat (of an animal) which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allâh (or has been slaughtered for idols or on which Allâh’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But whosoever is forced by necessity without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, (for him) certainly, your Lord is Oft¬Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Al-An’am 6:145]
The wisdom behind the prohibitions:
- It is a mercy for animals. (Most of the societies now are talking about animals rights).
- It could have died because of other reasons (poison, sickness …) so it is a protection for you
- To give a chance for other animals to be fed from their meat. Its shows the importance of animals in Islam.
The Prophet’s Manners Regarding Food
- When he put his hand in the food, he would say, “Bismillah” (in the Name of Allah), and he told people to say this when eating. He said, “When anyone of you eats, let him mention the name of Allah. If he forgets to mention the name of Allah at the beginning, let him say “Bismillahi Fi Awwalihi Wa Akhirihi” (in the name of Allah at its beginning and at its end).” [Sahih Hadith, narrated by At-Tirmidhi (1859) and Abu Dawud (3767)]
- When he raised the food to his mouth, he would say, “Alhamdu Lillahi Hamdan Kathiran Tayyiban Mubarakan Fihi Ghayri Makfiyyin Wa La Muwadda’ Wa La Mustaghni ‘Anhu Rabbana ‘Azza Wa Jall” (Allah be praised with an abundant, beautiful, blessed praise. He is the One Who is sufficient, Who feeds and is never fed, the One Who is longed for, along with that which is with Him, and the One Who is needed. He is our Lord, may He be glorified).” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (5142)]
- He never criticized food at all. If he liked it, he would eat it, and if he did not like it, he would leave it and not say anything. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (3370) and Muslim (2064)] Or he would say, “I do not feel like eating this.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (5076) and Muslim (1946)]
- Sometimes he would praise the food, as when he asked his family for food, and they said, “We have nothing but vinegar.” He asked for it and started to eat it, saying, “What a good food is vinegar.” [Narrated by Muslim (2052)]
- He used to talk whilst he was eating, as is seen from the report quoted above about vinegar.
- And he said to his stepson ‘Umar Ibn Abi Salamah when he was eating with him: “Say Bismillah and eat from that which is in front of you in the dish.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (5061) and Muslim (2022)]
- He would repeatedly urge his guests to eat, as generous hosts do, and as is seen in the Hadith of Abu Hurayrah about the story of drinking milk, where he repeatedly said to him, “Drink!” And he kept telling him to drink until he (the guest) said, “By the One Who sent you with the truth, I have no more room for it!” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (6087)]
- When he ate with others, he would not leave until he had made Dua’ for them. He made Dua’ in the house of ‘Abdullah Ibn Bisr, and said: “O Allah, bless for them that which You have provided for them, forgive them and have mercy on them.” [Narrated by Muslim (2042)]
- He commanded those who complained that they never felt full to eat together and not separately, and to mention the name of Allah (say Bismillah) over the food so that He might bless it for them. [Narrated by Abu Dawud (3764) and Ibn Majah (3286)]
- It was also reported that he said, “I do not eat reclining.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 5083]
- He used to eat using the first three fingers (of his right hand), which is the best way of eating. [See Zaad Al-Ma’ad, 220-222]
- He used to know what he was eating
- He used to eat what was good for him
- He used to eat enough to keep him going, but not so much as to make him fat. Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Prophet said: “The believer eats in one stomach whilst the Kafir eats in seven.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari (5081) and Muslim (2060)]
- He taught his Ummah something to protect them from diseases caused by eating and drinking. He said: “The son of Adam does not fill any vessel worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to eat a few mouthfuls, to keep him going. If he must do that (fill his stomach), then let him fill one third with food, one third with drink and one third with air.” [Narrated by At-Tirmidhi (1381), Ibn Majah (3349); classed as Sahih by Al-Albani in As-Silsilah As-Sahihah (2265)]
For left-handed, use the right hand when eating
- “When anyone of you eats, let him eat with his right hand, and when he drinks, let him drink with his right hand, because the Shaytan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand.” [Reported by Muslim, 3764]
- “Whoever eats with his left hand, the Shaytan eats with him.” [Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi, commentary on Hadith 1721]
- The Prophet used his right hand for eating, drinking and getting dressed and his left hand for everything else. [Reported by Abu Dawud, no. 30]
Eating At A Table
- Anas narrated: “The Prophet never ate at a table (Khiwan) until he died and he never ate soft bread until he died.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari (6450)]
- Khiwan: table made of wood with legs on each side; eating from it is the habit of those who live a life of luxury, so that they do not have to bend over and tilt their heads when eating.
- It is permissible to eat at a Khiwan or at a high table, and to eat soft bread but the Prophet refrained from those things out of humility and as a sign of Zuhd (Asceticism: giving up worldly pleasures to pursue spiritual goals)
Hunting is legalized on the following conditions
- That they are trained to kill, not merely for their own appetite, or out of mere wantonness, but for their master’s food; the training implies that something of the solemnity which Allah has taught us in this matter goes into their action.
- We are to pronounce the name of Allah over the quarry; this is interpreted to mean that the Takbir should be pronounced when the trained animal is released from the quarry.
Relationship With Own-Self (العلاقة مع الذاتية)
AL-MASHRUBAT المشروبات DRINKS
“O you who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan’s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed.” Satan seeks only to cast among you enmity and hatred by means of strong drink and games of chance, and to turn you from remembrance of Allah and from (His) worship. Will ye then have done? [Al-Ma’idah 5:90-91]
2 rules on drinking
- If a big quantity causes you trouble then a small quantity is Haram
- Any drink that will cause you to lose your senses is Haram.
Manners Of Drinking
- Drinking with the right hand
- To say Bismillah before you begin to drink. WHY? The name of Allah should be pronounced as a rite in order to call our attention to the fact that we do not take life thoughtlessly but solemnly for food, with the permission of Allah, to whom we render the life back.
- Drinking at least three sips or more and not drinking the entire drink at once
- To praise Allah after finishing the drink
- To drink sitting down
- The person giving the drink to others should drink last
- The person passing out the drinks should start on his right hand side when distributing the drinks
- An individual should not drink from the pitcher, but instead pour some of the drink into a dish or cup, and then drink
- A person should not drink from gold or silver dishes