TELLING THE TRUTH AND LYING (قول الحقيقة والكذب)

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet ﷺ said: “The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks, he lies; when he makes a promise, he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something, he betrays that trust.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 33; Muslim, 59]

Be honest when you speak. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Honesty certainly leads to goodness, and goodness leads to paradise. Truly, a man keeps speaking the truth until he is inscribed as being true through and through. And lying leads to going wrong, and going wrong leads to hell. Truly, a man lies and lies until he is inscribed as being a liar through and through.” [Muslim, 4.2012–13: 2607. S]

 “O you who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah, and be with the truthful.” [At-Tawbah 9:119]

“Only they invent falsehood who believes not Allah’s revelations, and (only) they are the liars.” [An-Nahl 16:105]

Lying between you and yourself will lead you to arrogance, the very reason why Iblis was cursed by Allah. Thinking that you are better than others is arrogance itself. Arrogance will help you to commit major sins even if you do not do minor sins.

Any kind of lying is Haram except in three cases.

  1. Lying in war
  2. Lying to reconcile between two disputing parties
  3. A spouse lying to the other for the sake of love and harmony

It was narrated from Umm Kulthum Bint Uqbah that she heard the Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said: “He is not a liar who reconciles between people and narrates something good or says something good.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 2546; Muslim, 2605]

It was narrated that Asma Bint Yazid said that the Prophet ﷺ said: “It is not permissible to tell lies except in three (cases): when a man speaks to his wife in a way to please her; lying in war; and lying in order to reconcile between people.” [Narrated by At-Tirmidhi, 1939; classed as Hasan by Shaykh Al-Albani in Sahih Al-Jami, 7723]

Lying about Allah and His Messenger

This is the most serious kind of lie, and the one who does this is subject to a severe warning. “Say: ‘Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah will never be successful.’” [Yunus 10:69]. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever tells lies about me, let him take his place in Hell.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 110; Muslim, 3]

Lying in buying and selling

The two parties involved in a transaction have the option [of canceling it] until they part. If they are honest and truthful, their transaction will be blessed for them and if they conceal something and tell lies, the blessing of their transaction will be wiped out. “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as just witnesses; and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety.” [Al-Ma’idah 5:8]

Lying about visions and dreams

It was narrated from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet said: “Whoever tells of a dream that he did not see will be commanded [on the Day of Resurrection] to tie two grains of barley together, but he will never be able to do it. Whoever eavesdrops on people’s conversation when they dislike that – or they try to get away from him – will have molten copper poured in his ears in the Day of Resurrection. And whoever makes an image will be punished and will be told to breathe life into it, and he will not be able to do so.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 6635]

The prohibition of speaking about everything that one hears: It was narrated that Hafs Ibn Asim said that the Prophet ﷺ said: “It is sufficient lying for a man to speak of everything that he hears.’” [Narrated by Muslim, 5]

Lying in jest

Lying is Haram whether the one who does it is joking or is serious. Lying in jest is Haram just like other kinds of lies. It was narrated that Ibn Umar said that the Prophet ﷺ said: “I joke, but I speak nothing but the truth.” [Narrated by At-Tabarani in Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabir, 12/39]. It was narrated that Umar said: “True faith is not achieved until one gives up lying in jest.” [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, 5/235, 236]

Lying when playing with children

We must beware of lying when playing with children, because that will be written down (in the record of deeds of) the one who does that. It was narrated that Abdullah Ibn Amir said: “My mother called me one day when the Messenger of Allah was sitting in our house. She said, ‘Come here, and I will give you (something).’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘What do you want to give him?’ She said, ‘I will give him a date.’ The Messenger of Allah said: ‘If you had not given him something, you would have been lying.’”

Lying to make people laugh

It was narrated that Mu’awiyah Ibn Haydah said that he heard the Prophet ﷺ say: “Woe to the one who talks to make the people laugh and tells lies, woe to him, woe to him.” [Narrated by At-Tirmidhi, 235; he said this is Hasan Hadith; also narrated by Abu Dawud, 4990]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud said: “A man may speak the truth and persist in doing so until there is in his heart not even room for evil the size of a needle. Or a man may tell lies and persist in doing so until there is in his heart not even room for truth the size of a needle.” Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said: “Beware of lying, for it has nothing to do with faith.”

The liar is warned of destructive punishment in this world, and humiliating punishment in the Hereafter

  • Hypocrisy in the heart: “So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with Allah) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies.” [At-Tawbah 9:77]
  • His testimony will be rejected: The reason why the testimony of the liar is rejected because it corrupts the very essence of the testimony It is like the testimony of a blind man concerning sighting the new moon, or the testimony of a deaf man concerning having heard the admission of someone. The lying tongue is like some faculty that is no longer working; indeed it is even worse than that, for the most evil thing a man may possess is a lying tongue
  • Guidance to evildoing and to the Fire: It was narrated that Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Truthfulness is righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. A person will continue to tell the truth until he is written with Allah as one who tells the truth. Lying is evildoing, and evildoing leads to Hell. A person will keep on telling lies until he is written as a liar.’” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 5743; Muslim, 2607]
  • Blackening of the face in this world and in the Hereafter: Lying has a great effect in blackening the face and covering it with a mask of shame which every truthful person will be able to see. The feature of the liar is clearly visible in the face, and everyone who has the eyes to see can see it. Allah will give the liar humiliation and shame, so whoever sees him will loathe him and despise him. “And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against Allah (i.e. attributed to Him sons, partners) their faces will be black.” [Az-Zumar 39:60]
  • The liar will have the flesh of his cheeks torn to the back of his head: It was narrated that Samurah Ibn Jundub said: “The Messenger of Allah often used to say to his companions, ‘Has anyone among you seen a dream?’ Then whoever Allah willed would tell of his dream. One day he said to us, ‘Two (angels) came to me last night and woke me up, then they said to me, ‘Let’s go!’… So we set out and came to a man who was lying flat on his back and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man’s mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck) and similarly tear his nose from front to back and his eye from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man’s face and did just as he had done with the other side. Hardly had he completed this side when the first side was restored to its normal state. Then he went back and did that all over again. I said to my two companions, ‘Subhanallah! Who are these two persons?’ They said to me, ‘Move on, move on!’ (Then he said, describing how the two angels explained the things that he had seen): ‘As for the man you came across, the sides of whose mouth, nostrils and eyes were being torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world.’” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 5745]