Relationship with own self
AL-‘ALAQAH MA’A ADH-DHATIYAH العلاقة مع الذاتية
2 Basic rules in entertainment
- Anything that you entertain yourself and get money out of it is Haram.
- Anything that will keep you busy for a long time instead spending it in worshipping Allah ﷻ is Haram.
Islam recommends entertainment
- Islam not only permits entertainment, but in fact recommends it.
- Imam Ali says in Nahjul Balagha: “The believer’s time has three periods: the period when he is in communion with Allah, the period when he manages for his livelihood, and the period when he is free to enjoy what is lawful and pleasant. And the last part is a tonic and refreshing for the other parts.”
- Legal entertainment is an outlet for man’s natural instincts, and serves as a balance between the soul and body. Everything else is allowed in Islam for the purposes of entertainment. If you get bored, or in order to keep your spirits alive, you feel like doing something different, you can get involved in any lawful entertainment of your choice.
- Everyone needs a break from daily regular routine, and if this break is not taken in form of entertainment, then the Nafs revolts.
- Even the best of pious or religious people lose interest in religion and become astray if they don’t reserve a break for entertainment.
Why Islam emphasized entertainment?
- A man once came to Imam Ali and said that he has molded his nature in such a way that he does not feel the need for lawful pleasures in life. Imam Ali replied to him: “For now you do not know. Satan flows in man like bloodstream; you won’t even realize when he attacks you.”
- The need for entertainment is more significant in young children. Parents must explain entertainment guidelines for their children based on the present time. Parents cannot expect their children to have fun in the same manner in which they themselves had in their childhood. Imam Ali has advised parents: “Do not force your children to behave like you, for surely they have been created for a time which is different to your time.” Restrictions should be made based on Islamic laws and not on cultural habits.
- Select entertainment that will help our mind and body relax, not something that might be physically, spiritually, or emotionally destructive for us.
Importance of sports
- Umar ibn Al-Khattab (radiyallahu anhu) said: “Teach your sons the art of swimming, sharp shooting, and horseback riding,” because sports helped to prepare them to do well in other areas such as war, leadership, and business.
- Archery (Sharpshooting) – Hunting: Archery will help prepare young men for warfare and hunting. He could make a good living by being skillful as a warrior, able to shoot his bow at any angle and hit his target.
- Horse-racing: It will help train the youth as cavalry (horse soldiers).
- Camel-racing: The Prophet ﷺ said: “There is no competition except in archery, horse-racing and camel-racing.” [Tirmidhi, 1700; classed as Sahih by Al-Albani in Sahih At-Tirmidhi]
- Falconry – Hunting: A sport in which trained falcons were used for hunting.
- Any competition is allowed that trains to work better, fight better, to build strength; having to do with Islamic knowledge because that is supporting Islam.
- Most games are permitted except chess and cards.
- Fine arts like painting and drawing but not sculpturing!
- All entertainment is allowed except those that are Haram as in obscenity (TV, radio, magazine, newspapers, pocket books…), consuming Haram products (alcohol, pork…), gathering (Awrah is exposed , mixing of sexes, music is played…). You can watch movies or read books that do not have indecent words or images and do not have a misleading message.
Gambling is Haram
- Any kind of gambling (betting) is Haram because it involves money and it is taking most of your time. Any kind of competition (Sabaq) with prize money, winnings, etc. is like betting on the game. This is not permissible according to Shari’ah, except in cases having to do with developing skills that are useful for combat.
- They will ask thee about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both there is great evil as well as some benefit for man; but the evil which they cause is greater than the benefit which they bring. [Al-Baqarah 2: 219]
- By means of intoxicants and games of chance Satan seeks only to sow enmity and hatred among you, and to turn you away from the remembrance of God and from prayer. Will you not, then, desist? [Al-Ma’idah 5:90]
Music and musical instruments
- The Prophet ﷺ said: “There will be among my Ummah people who will regard adultery, silk, alcohol and musical instruments as permissible.” [Bukhari]. This Hadith indicates that all musical instruments are Haram.
- The alternatives are Nashids (songs), Qasidahs (poetry), etc.
Is Daff permissible?
- Abdullah Ibn Abbas said: “The Daff is Haram, stringed instruments are Haram, drums are Haram and flutes are Haram.” [Al-Bayhaqi, 10/222]
- However, the following Ahadith indicate that it is permissible to beat the Daff in certain circumstances.
- Eid: It was narrated from Aishah that Abu Bakr entered upon her and there were two girls with her during the days of Mina beating the Daff, and the Prophet was covering himself with his garment. Abu Bakr rebuked them, and the Prophet uncovered his face and said, “Leave them alone, O Abu Bakr, for these are the days of Eid.” [Bukhari, 944; Muslim, 892]
- Wedding: It was narrated that Ar-Rubayyi bint Mu’awwidh Ibn Afra said: “After the consummation of my marriage, the Prophet came and sat on my bed as far from me as you are sitting now, and our little girls started beating the Daff and reciting verses mourning my father, who had been killed in the battle of Badr. One of them said, ‘Among us is a Prophet who knows what will happen tomorrow.’ On that the Prophet said, ‘Omit this (saying) and keep on saying the verses which you had been saying before.’” [Bukhari, 4852]
- When one who has been away returns: It was narrated that Buraydah said: The Messenger of Allah went out on one of his military campaigns, and when he came back, a black slave woman came and said, “O Messenger of Allah, I vowed that if Allah brought you back safe and sound, I would beat the Daff before you and sing. The Messenger of Allah said, “If you vowed that, then do it, otherwise do not do it.’” So she started to beat the Daff, and Abu Bakr came in whilst she was doing so. Then Ali came in whilst she was beating the Daff, then Uthman came in whilst she was beating the Daff, then Umar came in and she threw the Daff beneath her and sat on it. The Messenger of Allah said, “The Shaytan is afraid of you, O Umar. I was sitting and she was beating the Daff, then Abu Bakr came in when she was beating the Daff; then Ali came in when she was beating the Daff; then Uthman came in when she was beating the Daff, but when you came in, O ‘Umar, she put the Daff down.”[At-Tirmidhi, 3690; classed as Sahih by Al-Albani in Sahih Al-Tirmidhi, 2913]
Daff permissible for women only
- None of the Sahaba used to beat the Daff or clap his hands, rather it was proven in Sahih that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Clapping is for women, and Tasbih is for men.”
- Singing, beating the Daff and clapping the hands are actions of women, the Salaf used to call a man who did that Mukhannath (effeminate) (pl. Makhanith).
- Shaykh Abdulaziz ibn Baz said: “Rather the concession allowing women to use the Daff is for them only. With regard to men, it is not permissible for them to do any of that, whether on weddings or on other occasions. Rather Allah has prescribed for men to train in the instruments of war and skills needed for battle, such as shooting and horse riding, and competing in that.” [Magazine of the Islamic University in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, 3rd edition, 2nd year, Muharram, 1390 AH, p. 185, 186]
- And he also said: “With regard to weddings, it is prescribed to beat the Daff and sing regular songs which do not call for or praise anything that is Haram. This is to be done at night, by women only, to announce the wedding and to emphasize the difference between this legitimate marriage and Zina (adultery) which is done in secret…”
Women going out with conditions
- “And stay in your houses.” [Al-Ahzab 33:33] – based on this, the general principle is that women should stay at home and not go out except for essential reasons or cases of need. This does not mean that women have to remain prisoners in the house.
- Her prayer at home is better for her than in the mosque, but they are permitted to go there. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet ﷺ said: “If the wife of any one of you asks for permission to go to the mosque, do not stop her.” [Bukhari, 827; Muslim, 442]
- Zaynab, the wife of Abdullah, said: The Prophet ﷺ said to us: “If any one of you (women) comes to the mosque, let her not wear perfume.” [Muslim, 443]
- To go out for their own needs like visiting her family and relatives. Jabir ibn Abdullah said: “My maternal aunt got divorced and wanted to go and pick some fruit from her trees. A man told her off for going out, so she went to the Prophet and he said, ‘Never mind, go and pick the fruit from your trees. Maybe you will be able to give it in charity or do something good with it.’” [Muslim, 1483]
- Being accompanied by a Mahram when she travels.
- Being assured that her way is safe.
- Observing proper Hijab.
- Not going out too frequently.
- They go to perform Hajj, Umrah, Eid prayers, etc.
- To ask religious questions from people of knowledge (to study).
CLEANLINESS (النظافة) AN-NADAFAH
- Islam places great emphasis on cleanliness, in both its physical and spiritual aspects. A sincere believer is required to sanitize and purify his entire way of life.
- Allah ﷻ commends those who are accustomed to cleanliness: “Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.” [Al-Baqarah 2:22]. Heorders the believer to be tidy in appearance. “Keep your clothes clean.” [Al-Muddaththir 74:4]
- The Prophet ﷺ said: “Do not ever come with your hair and beard disheveled like a devil.” [Tirmidhi]. On another occasion he said: “Had I not been afraid of overburdening my community, I would have ordered them to brush their teeth for every prayer.” [Bukhari]
- All the laws given are pure as explained by the Qur’an and the Sunnah.