RELATIONSHIP WITH OWN-SELF (العلاقة مع الذاتية)
- Usury: “O you who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give up what remains (due to you) from usury, if ye are (in truth) believers.” [Al-Baqarah 2:278]
- Consuming orphan’s wealth: “Come not near the wealth of the orphan save with that which is better till he come to strength; and keep the covenant. Lo! of the covenant it will be asked.” [Al-Isra 17:34]
- Robbery/Stealing/Theft: “As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands. It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise.” [Al-Ma’idah 5:38]
- Cheating in everything (measurement, weight, food, work…): “Fill the measure when ye measure, and weigh with a right balance; that is meet, and better in the end.” [Al-Isra 17:35]
- Bribery: Many societies are corrupted because of giving and accepting bribes, either in cash or in kind. People do not have hopes and motivation.
- Deceitful outbidding (auction): He is present in the auction because it is his job to bid a higher price without the intention of buying it but to entice the real buyers to bid higher than him.
- Begging for money: One of the biggest problems of society are those people begging on the streets and how much it is bothering the people. Some people even use young children to do the begging for them. They do not have the urge to improve their situation because they depend by getting money in the easy way. Some people even are trained beggars because they chose it as a career.
- Forbidden jobs: Working in a wine-producing companies. Anas ibn Malik (Radiyallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allahﷺ cursed ten with regard to alcohol: the one who squeezes (the grapes, etc.), the one for whom it is squeezed, the one who drinks it, the one who carries it, the one to whom it is carried, the one who pours it, the one who sells it and consumes its price, the one who buys it and the one for whom it is bought.” [Tirmidhi]; working in a beauty salon (plucking the eyebrows, extending hair, exposing the Awrah – private parts…)
“He it is Who has made the earth subservient unto you, so Walk in the paths thereof and eat of His providence. And unto Him will be the resurrection (of the dead).” [Al-Mulk 67:15]
Forbidden unto you (for food) are carrion and blood and swine-flesh, and that which hath been dedicated unto any other than Allah, and the strangled, and the dead through beating, and the dead through falling from a height, and that which hath been killed by (the goring of) horns, and the devoured of wild beasts, saving that which ye make lawful (by the death-stroke), and that which hath been immolated unto idols. And (forbidden is it) that ye swear by the divining arrows. This is an abomination. This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor unto you, and have chosen for you as religion AL-ISLAM. Whoso is forced by hunger, not by will, to sin: (for him) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. [Al-Ma’idah 5:3]
4 categories on food and drinks:
- The carrion is an animal that died on its own
- The blood
- The flesh of swine
- The drinking of alcohol
5 kinds of dead meat that are Haram:
- Choked by something
- Beaten by hard object
- Fell down from high place
- Kicked by another animal
- Killed by another animal
The wisdom behind the prohibitions:
- It is a mercy for animals. (Most of the societies now are talking about animals rights).
- It could have died because of other reasons (poison, sickness …) so it is a protection for you
- To give a chance for other animals to be fed from their meat. Its shows the importance of animals in Islam.
“O you who believe! Strong drink and games of chance and idols and divining arrows are only an infamy of Satan’s handiwork. Leave it aside in order that ye may succeed.” Satan seeks only to cast among you enmity and hatred by means of strong drink and games of chance, and to turn you from remembrance of Allah and from (His) worship. Will ye then have done? [Al-Ma’idah 5:90-91]
2 rules on drinking:
- If a big quantity causes you trouble then a small quantity is Haram.
- Any drink that will cause you to lose your senses is Haram.
SHELTER / HOUSING (المسكن)
- Do not keep statues inside the house because angels do not enter it.
Islam has prohibited the keeping of statues in the Muslim home. By statues is meant complete, solid figures which have not been disfigured or otherwise defaced. Their presence in a house is considered sufficient to drive away the angels, who represent Allah’s mercy and His pleasure. As the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Assuredly the angels do not enter a house in which there are statues (or figures).” [Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim; the wording is from Muslim]
It is also forbidden to the Muslim to engage in manufacturing statues, even if he makes them for non-Muslims. The Prophet (peace and blessings be on him) said: “Among the people receiving the harshest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be the makers of figures,” or, in another version, “the of Allah’s creation.” [Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
He also said, “On the Day of Resurrection, the maker of a figure will be asked to breathe a spirit into it, and he will never be able to do so.” [Reported by Al-Bukhari and others] It means that he will be asked to bring it to life in order to reproach and humiliate him.
- Do not use gold and silver as utensils.
Islam has prohibited the use of gold and silver utensils, and of pure silk spreads in the Muslim house. On the authority of Umm Salmah, Muslim reported in his Sahih the Prophet’s saying, “Whoever eats or drinks from gold or silver utensils is indeed filing his stomach with the fire of hell.”
Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Al-Hudhayfah (Radiyallahu Anhu): “The Prophet ﷺ forbade us to drink or eat from gold or silver dishes or to wear silken garments or to sit on silken cloth. He said, “They are for them (the unbelievers) in this world and for us in the Hereafter.”
These prohibitions apply to men and women alike, for the purpose is to rid the house of excessively luxurious items. They are equal in this regard because of the generality of the Hadith, and because the reason for this prohibition is the show of extravagance and pride on the one hand and the injury to the feelings of the poor on the other. The wearing of gold and silk has been permitted to women so that they may beautify themselves for their husbands; this is an exemption which does not extend to other uses.
Utensils made of rubies and other precious materials are not prohibited, though they are more expensive than gold and silver, because the poor are not familiar with such things, and their feelings will not be injured even if they see the rich using them. Moreover, the rarity of such things in itself makes their use prohibitive, and hence the need for prohibiting them on the basis of extravagance becomes superfluous. [Al-Mughni, vol. 8, p. 323]
The reason for prohibition is for economic reason. In the present case this reason is even weightier and more obvious. Gold and silver are universal monetary standards which facilitate the establishing of prices and the carrying out of transactions between nations, thus promoting trade and commerce. It is Allah’s favor that He guided people to use them as a means of exchange. The proper economic usage of gold and silver, then, is their free circulation; they are not to be hoarded in houses as coins or, worse yet, to be tied up in household articles and ornamental objects.
- Do not own dog.
A dog can be owned for purposes such as the following:
- A trained dog for hunting. Remember in Islam we are only allowed to hunt for food; there is no such thing as hunting for fun, for we are not allowed to kill or torture animals or drive them out of their habitats for the fun of it.
- A trained dog as a guide. This would be the case if a person is blind and she has no choice but to keep a dog for essential services. In this case, it is permissible for her to keep a dog inside the house once it has been trained for service, but it is still recommended that the dog have its own sleeping arrangement.
- A dog trained for police duties.
- A dog trained to guard houses or property.
- A dog used by farmers to shepherd cattle and sheep.
We are, however, not allowed to keep a dog as a pet, since it is not a very clean animal. The Prophet ﷺ has spared us from being contaminated by such filth when he ordered us to stay clear of the saliva of dogs. If we ever come into contact with a dog’s saliva we must wash the spot seven times, the first of which should be with sand or dirt.
If you do need to keep a dog for any of the reasons given above, then you may do so. But take every precaution not to have contact with its saliva, and also arrange for a separate living space.