Alamat Wa Mustalahat

STOP SIGNS علامات الوقف

The most important signs in the Qur’an are the added signs for punctuation, grammatical stops, continuations and pauses. For non-Arabic speakers, these are a MUST for proper reading, as stopping or continuing at any point, without understanding the text may completely change the meaning.

5 MAIN STOP SIGNS called WAQAF JIBRIL (وقف خبريل)

A. COMPULSORY STOP (وقف لازيم)

  • Letter “Mim” written on top of the word (with the tail pointing to the left).
  • Must stop reading, because the meaning will drastically change if it is continued.

B. MUST NOT STOP

  • “La” written on top of the word.
  • Continue reading as a stop may change the meaning.

C. BETTER TO CONTINUE

  • “Sili” written on top of the word.
  • Better to continue reading but allowed to stop.

D. BETTER TO STOP (QILA ALA AL-WAQF)

  • “Qili” written on top of the word.
  • Better to stop reading but allowed to continue.

E. PERMISSIBLE STOP (وقف جائز)

  • Letter “Jim” written on top of the word.
  • Permissible to stop reading.

EMERGENCY STOP (وقف أضطراري) WAQAF EDTIRARI

    • Stopping because of shortness of breath.
  • Take a breath, resume reading by going back where a full idea can be understood.

PUNCTUATION MARKINGS مصطلحات الضبط

Mawdi’in (s. Mawdi’)

Mawdi'in

  • Written in between the words of stop.
  • Can stop reading either one of the two but cannot stop on both.

Sukun Da’iri (full round circle)

Sukun Da'iri

  • Written on top of the word.
  • There is an additional letter but cannot be pronounced.

Sukun Baydawi (oblong/elongated circle)

Sukun Baydawi

  • Written on top of the word.
  • A letter will be added if reading is continued.

Sukun (silent)

Sukun

  • Shaped like the head of letter “Kaf” written on top of the letter.
  • The letter is silent, either with or without this sign over it.

Iqlab (changing)

Iqlab

  • “Nun Sakinah” or “Tanwin” changes to letter “Mim” (with the tail pointing downwards) written either on top of the word or under it).

Mutasawiya (متساويا)

Mutasawiya

  • 2 parallel slash signs of equal length.
  • There is a clear extra Nun (Idh-har Tanwin).

Mutasawiya2

  • 2 unparallel slash signs of equal length.
  • There is merging (Idgham) and hiding (Ikhfa)

Alif Khanjariyah (ألف خنجرية)

Alif Khanjariyah

  • The moving letter is pronounced.
  • Shaped like a dagger.
  • Sometimes called “Alif Saghirah” (small letter “Alif”).
  • Read like “Madd Tabi’i (normal elongation).

Harf “Sin”

Harf Sin

  • If letter “Sin” is written on top of the letter “Sad,” then pronounced as “Sin” instead of “Sad.”
  • If letter “Sin” is written under the letter “Sad,” then pronounce as it is, meaning “Sad.”

Maddiyah (elongation/lengthening)

Maddiyah

  • Placed at the top of the word.
  • There is additional elongation in reading

Separator/Divider

Separator

  • Found between parts (Ajza), groups (Ahzab), halves (Ansaf) and quarters (Arba’i).

Complete Stop (Waqaf Tam)

Ayah

    • Denotes the end of the verse (Ayah) and its verse number.
    • It is always correct stop here.
  • The only exception is that during Hadr (fast speed recitation), esp. during Tarawih prayers, one may connect to the next Ayah.

Sakta

Sakta

    • A small letter “Sin” written on top of the last letter of the word.
    • Denote a short, momentary pause without a break in breathing.
  • There are only 4 places in the Qur’an: Yasin 36:52, Al-Qiyamah 75:27, Al-Mutaffifin 83:14 and  Al-Kahf 18:1.

Sajdah

sajdah.png

  • There is Sujud At-Tilawah, which is one prostration caused by recitation on the word “Sujud.” There are 14-15 places in the Qur’an.
  • There are 3 textual marks: a horizontal dash placed under the word (sometimes over it) denoting Sujud; a characteristic mark at the end of the verse denoting the exact point for Sujud; and another marginal sign opposite the end of the same verse, the word “Sajdah” is written inside it.

Link/s:

Susunod: Tajwid