STOP SIGNS علامات الوقف
The most important signs in the Qur’an are the added signs for punctuation, grammatical stops, continuations and pauses. For non-Arabic speakers, these are a MUST for proper reading, as stopping or continuing at any point, without understanding the text may completely change the meaning.
5 MAIN STOP SIGNS called WAQAF JIBRIL (وقف خبريل)
A. COMPULSORY STOP (وقف لازيم)
- Letter “Mim” written on top of the word (with the tail pointing to the left).
- Must stop reading, because the meaning will drastically change if it is continued.
B. MUST NOT STOP
- “La” written on top of the word.
- Continue reading as a stop may change the meaning.
C. BETTER TO CONTINUE
- “Sili” written on top of the word.
- Better to continue reading but allowed to stop.
D. BETTER TO STOP (QILA ALA AL-WAQF)
- “Qili” written on top of the word.
- Better to stop reading but allowed to continue.
E. PERMISSIBLE STOP (وقف جائز)
- Letter “Jim” written on top of the word.
- Permissible to stop reading.
EMERGENCY STOP (وقف أضطراري) WAQAF EDTIRARI
- Stopping because of shortness of breath.
- Take a breath, resume reading by going back where a full idea can be understood.
PUNCTUATION MARKINGS مصطلحات الضبط
Mawdi’in (s. Mawdi’)
- Written in between the words of stop.
- Can stop reading either one of the two but cannot stop on both.
Sukun Da’iri (full round circle)
- Written on top of the word.
- There is an additional letter but cannot be pronounced.
Sukun Baydawi (oblong/elongated circle)
- Written on top of the word.
- A letter will be added if reading is continued.
- Shaped like the head of letter “Kaf” written on top of the letter.
- The letter is silent, either with or without this sign over it.
- “Nun Sakinah” or “Tanwin” changes to letter “Mim” (with the tail pointing downwards) written either on top of the word or under it).
- 2 parallel slash signs of equal length.
- There is a clear extra Nun (Idh-har Tanwin).
- 2 unparallel slash signs of equal length.
- There is merging (Idgham) and hiding (Ikhfa)
Alif Khanjariyah (ألف خنجرية)
- The moving letter is pronounced.
- Shaped like a dagger.
- Sometimes called “Alif Saghirah” (small letter “Alif”).
- Read like “Madd Tabi’i (normal elongation).
- If letter “Sin” is written on top of the letter “Sad,” then pronounced as “Sin” instead of “Sad.”
- If letter “Sin” is written under the letter “Sad,” then pronounce as it is, meaning “Sad.”
- Placed at the top of the word.
- There is additional elongation in reading
- Found between parts (Ajza), groups (Ahzab), halves (Ansaf) and quarters (Arba’i).
Complete Stop (Waqaf Tam)
- Denotes the end of the verse (Ayah) and its verse number.
- It is always correct stop here.
- The only exception is that during Hadr (fast speed recitation), esp. during Tarawih prayers, one may connect to the next Ayah.
- A small letter “Sin” written on top of the last letter of the word.
- Denote a short, momentary pause without a break in breathing.
- There are only 4 places in the Qur’an: Yasin 36:52, Al-Qiyamah 75:27, Al-Mutaffifin 83:14 and Al-Kahf 18:1.
- There is Sujud At-Tilawah, which is one prostration caused by recitation on the word “Sujud.” There are 14-15 places in the Qur’an.
There are 3 textual marks: a horizontal dash placed under the word (sometimes over it) denoting Sujud; a characteristic mark at the end of the verse denoting the exact point for Sujud; and another marginal sign opposite the end of the same verse, the word “Sajdah” is written inside it.