Tayammum is a wiping the face & arms until elbows with pure soil in a certain way.

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favor on you that you may be thankful. [Al-Ma’dah 5:6]

Preconditions (Shurut) of Tayammum

  1. Muslim
  2. Sane
  3. Matured
  4. Niyah
  5. Istinja
  6. Use pure soil
  7. Do after Adhan

How To Do Tayammum صفة التيمم

  1. Tasmiyah
  2. Strike anything with pure dust with fingers wide apart
  3. Wipe face
  4. Wipe arms until elbows
  5. Order & Sequence

Reasons For Tayammum أسباب التيمم

  1. No water
  2. Not enough water (delay Salah to the last minute waiting for water)
  3. Inability of using water
  4. Sickness
  5. Extremely cold
  6. Fear

Matters That Invalidate Tayammum مبطلات التيمم

  1. Whatever invalidates Wudu invalidates Tayammum
  2. Presence of water
  3. Time of Salah is over
  4. Reason does not exist anymore