Wudu is a partial washing using pure water for the 4 parts of the body in a certain way.

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favor on you that you may be thankful. [Al-Ma’idah 5:6]

Preconditions (Shurut) of Wudu

  1. Muslim
  2. Sane
  3. Matured
  4. Niyah
  5. Tasmiyah
  6. Taharah
  7. Istinja
  8. Use permissible pure water
  9. Water should reach all parts directly

Obligations (Wajibat) of Wudu

  1. Wash face, inc. mouth & nose
  2. Wash arms until elbows
  3. Wipe entire head (back & forth once)
  4. Wash feet
  5. Order
  6. Sequence

Voluntary Acts (Sunan) of Wudu

  1. Use Siwak while rinsing the mouth
  2. Wash hands 3X
  3. Rinse mouth & inhale extremely if not fasting
  4. Wash through fingers & toes
  5. Start with right side before left, even with ears
  6. Rub the organs while washing
  7. Have the Niyah from start to end
  8. Utter Niyah by heart & tongue
  9. Not to seek any help for Wudu
  10. Dua after Wudu

The Complete Wudu (Fard & Sunnah)

  1. Face the Qiblah (for more reward)
  2. Wash both hands 3X until wrists
  3. Rinse the mouth مضمضة  with right hand
  4. Inhale the water استنشاق with right hand then blow استنثار  with left hands 3X with same amount of water each time
  5. Wash face vertically from roots of hair at top of forehead until lower chin & horizontally from one ear to the other
  6. Wash arms until elbows
  7. Wipe whole head. [Sunnah: keep 2 fingers facing each other with thumbs on temples then move them towards the back of head until nape & bring them back to the front
  8. Wiping inside & outside ears
  9. Wash feet 3X

Matters That Invalidate Wudu نوا قض الوضوء

  1. Whatever comes out of the sexual organs/rectum
  2. Whatever comes out of the body in large amt (blood, vomit, pus…)
  3. Long sleep in whatever position
  4. Touching one’s private part without a barrier
  5. Touching the private part of a person (dead/alive) with desire
  6. Male & female touching each other with desire
  7. Eating camel’s meat
  8. Washing the dead directly

Matters That Do Not Invalidate Wudu ما لا ينقض الوضوء

  • If there is doubt during Salah, continue Salah but if there is doubt before Salah, do Wudu
  • Do Wudu after Adhan for those with continuous Najasah  & pray directly after Wudu

Matters That Are Permissible By Wudu ما يباح بالوضوء

  • Praying Fara’id with one and the same old Wudu
  • Recommended to renew Wudu for each prayer. “Anyone who has a new Wudu while the former one is still valid will have 10 rewards.”

Dua after Wudu/Ghusl


I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. O Allah! Include me with those who are repentant and include with those who are pure. And all praises are for Allah alone, the Lord of the worlds.

Umar ibn Al-Khattab (Radiyallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, “Anyone who does Wudu perfectly then says the above mentioned Dua, Allah will open the 8 doors of Paradise to enter from whatever side he likes.”