MIQAT (plu. MAWAQIT)
- Points or stations designated where facilities have been constructed, pilgrims enter into a state of consecration known as Ihram, and also to wear their Ihram clothes.
- There are 5 places some distance from Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a state of Ihram if they intend to enter Masjidul Haram for Umrah or Hajj.
- Proof: Abu Zubair heard Jabir bin Abdullah (radiyallahu anhuma) as saying as he was asked about (the place for entering the) state of Ihram: “I heard (and I think he carried it directly from the Prophet) him saying: ‘For the people of Madinah, Dhul Hulayfah is the place for entering upon the state of Ihram, and for the people coming through the other way, (i. e. Syria) it is Juhfa; for the people of Iraq it is Dhat Irq; for the people of Najd it is Qarn (Al-Manazil) and for the people of Yemen it is Yalamlam.” [Sahih Muslim, Bk.7, #2666]
PLACES OF MIQAT
1. Dhul Hulayfah
- About 9 kms. from Madinah and about 450 kms. from Makkah
- For those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that direction
- About 190 kms. northwest of Makkah
- For the people who come from the direction of Syria
3. Qarn Al-Manazil (As-Sayl Al-Kabir)
- A hilly place about 90 kms. east of Makkah
- For the people of Najd or for those coming from that direction, like Kuwait.
- Najd means ‘high ground.’ Present-day Najd is Eastern Saudi Arabia
4. Dhat Irq
- About 85 kms. northeast side of Makkah
- For the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction
- A hilly area about 50 kms. southeast of Makkah
- For the people of Yemen and others coming from that direction
- For many pilgrims from China, Japan, India, Pakistan who come by ship
- It is the area outside the Haram (the holy land on which Makkah stands)
- If Muslims live within the area between Miqat and the Haram, they do Ihram either at home or just before entering the Haram area
ENTERING INTO THE STATE OF IHRAM
- Ihram signifies divesting oneself temporarily of all marks of status and individuality to assume the humble dress and condition of a pilgrim devoted wholly to God.
- At the Miqat, do ablution (Wudu) or a full bath (Ghusl), and put on the pilgrim’s dress (also called Ihram) by expressing intention to enter into that state.
- Intend to perform either Hajj or Umrah or to make the intention for both.
- Intending for Ihram before or after the Miqat is impermissible.
- Muhrim (pilgrim): one who entered the state of Ihram.
FORBIDDEN TO A MUHRIM المحرمات من المحرم
- Cutting, trimming nails
- Cutting, trimming, shaving, plucking hair
- Using perfumes. Avoid scented soap.
- No conjugal relation with spouse
- No contracting a marriage or proposing to a woman either for you or for others
- Cutting any plant
- Hunting animals
- Harming any living thing (except dangerous insects, snakes, etc.)
- Harming anyone either by words or actions: disputing, fighting, abusiveness, obscenity
- Committing sins
- No cover on head that touches it
- No gloves, if needed wrap yourself with a cloth
- Women cannot use a face cover (Niqab, Burqa…)
PERMITTED FOR A MUHRIM يجوز للمحرم
- Eyeglass, wrist watch, head phone, hearing aid, speech aid
- Slippers, sandals, ring, belt
- Umbrella, shade in the car, carrying mat/baggage on the head
- Bathing, washing, scratching the head/body, even if some hairs fall unintentionally
- Changing wound dressing
- Changing, washing Ihram clothes
- All other lawful activities: eating, drinking, sleeping, washing, commercial transactions, etc.
THE MALE PILGRIM’S DRESS
- Unique garment: 2 pieces of white, unsewn cloth covering the lower and the upper parts of the body.
- Rida (upper garment) is worn round upper part of the body, draped around the shoulders to cover the upper body. No covering the head.
- Izar (lower garment) is worn round the lower part of the body from waist down, around the midriff just above his navel down to his ankles.
THE FEMALE PILGRIM’S DRESS
- No specific garment is prescribed. According to many Ahadith, it is not necessary for a woman to wear special clothing for Ihram.
- They are expected to wear clothing which conceals the shape of the body and covers them completely, leaving only their faces and hands exposed (meaning not allowed to wear gloves and any face cover).
- Start reciting Talbiyah after entering the state of Ihram (for Umrah) upon setting out for Makkah and stop upon reaching the Ka’bah for Tawaf Al-Qudum (arrival circumambulation).
- Recited loudly by men and silently by women.
- Talbiyah is the Adhan of Hajj.
لبيك اللهم لبيك لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك لا شريك لك
- Transliteration: lab-bay-kal la-hum-ma lab-bayk, lab-bay-ka la sha-ri-ka la-ka lab-bayk, in-nal ḥama wan-ni‛-ma-ta la-ka wal-mulk, la sha-ri-ka lak
- Translation: Here I am O Allah, here I am. Here I am, You have no partner, here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is Yours and You have no partner.
- Start reciting Talbiyah after entering the state of Ihram (for Hajj) and stop reciting it at the first throw of pebble at the Jamaratul Aqabah on the day of sacrifice (Yawm An-Nahr). The Takbir should start with the first pebble thrown.
To be continued… Fada’il Al-Ashrah Al-Awa’il