Shu’ayb from Madyan

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Shu’ayb (شعيب)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him


 Who was he?

  • His English name probably was Jethro.
  • He was Prophet Musa’s father-in-law.

Who are the people of Madyan?

  • They were Arabs who lived in the country of Ma’an, part of present day Syria.
  • They did not believe that Allah existed.
  • They led wicked lives. They waylaid people.
  • They were greedy. They gave short measure (cheated on weights). They praised their goods beyond their worth, hid their defects and lied to their customers, thereby cheating them.
  • They are the Ashab Al-Aykah (Aikah: a big dense tree with branches intertwined together. [Read Surah Al-Araf 7:85-87]

Ash-Shu’ara 26:176-180

  • The dwellers of Al-Aykah (near Madyan) belied the Messengers.
  • When Shu’ayb said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him?”
  • I am a trustworthy Messenger to you.
  • So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me.
  • No reward do I ask of you for it (my message of Islamic Monotheism), my reward is only from the Lord of the Alamin.

Ash-Shu’ara 26:181-184

  • Give full measure, and cause no loss to others.
  • And weigh with the true and straight balance.
  • And defraud not people by reducing their things nor do evil making corruption and mischief in the land.
  • Fear Him Who created you and the generations of the men of old.”

Ash-Shu’ara 26:185-187

  • They said: “You are only one of those bewitched!
  • You are but a human being like us and verily, we think that you are one of the liars!
  • So cause a piece of heaven to fall on us, if you are of the truthful!”

Shu’ayb was sent to them

  • Allah sent His Prophet Shu’ayb armed with many miracles.
  • He preached to them and begged them to be mindful of Allah’s favors.
  • He warned them of the consequences of their evil ways.

Their reaction to him

  • They only mocked him. They seized his belongings and of his followers.
  • Then they drove them out of the city.

His reaction to them

  • He remained calm. He reminded them of that his kinship to them and that what he was doing was not for his personal gain.
  • He turned to his Lord for help, and his plea was answered.

The punishment

  • Allah sent down on them scorching heat and they suffered terribly On seeing a cloud gathering in the sky, they thought it would bring cool, refreshing rain, and rushed outside in the hope of enjoying the rainfall.
  • Instead the cloud burst, hurling thunderbolts and fire. They heard a thunderous sound from above which caused the earth under their feet to tremble. The evil doers perished in this state of horror.
  • He said: “My Lord is the Best Knower of what you do.” But, they belied him, so the torment of the day of shadow (a gloomy cloud) seized them, indeed that was the torment of a Great Day. Verily, in this is a sign yet most of them are not believers. And verily! Your Lord, He is indeed the All Mighty, the Most Merciful.” [Ash-Shu’ara 26:188-191]

Proof

  • To the people of Madyan,We sent their brother Shu’ayb. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah but Him. Verily! a clear proof (sign) from your Lord has come unto you; so give full measure and full weight and wrong not men in their things, and do not mischief on the earth after it has been set in order that will be better for you, if you are believers. And sit not on every road, threatening, and hindering from the Path of Allah those who believe in Him, and seeking to make it crooked. Remember when you were but few, and He multiplied you. See what was the end of the Mufsidin (mischief makers, corrupts and liars). And if there is a party of you who believes in that which I have been sent and a party who do not believe, so be patient until Allah judges between us, and He is the Best of judges. The chiefs of those who were arrogant among his people said: “We shall certainly drive you out, O Shu’ayb! And those who have believed with you from our town, or else you all shall return to our religion.” He said: “Even though we hate it! We should have invented a lie against Allah if we returned to your religion, after Allah has rescued us from it. It is not for us to return to it unless Allah, our Lord, should will. Our Lord comprehends all things in His Knowledge. In Allah (Alone) we put our trust. Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those Who gives judgment.” The chiefs of those who disbelieved among his people said to their people: “If you follow Shu’ayb be sure then you will be the losers!” Then he (Shu’ayb) turned from them and said: “O my people! I have indeed conveyed my Lord’s Messages unto you and I have given you good advice. Then how can I sorrow for the disbelieving people’s (destruction).” [Al-An’am 7:85-93]

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

Salih Ibn Ubeid

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Saleh(صالح)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)


His name

  • Salih Ibn Ubeid Ibn Maseh Ibn Ubeid Ibn Hader Ibn Thamud Ibn Ather Ibn Eram Ibn Noah.
  • Known for his wisdom, purity and goodness.
  • Greatly respected by his people before Allah’s revelation came to him.

His people

  • The tribe of Thamud.
  • They succeeded the ‘Ad in power and glory. They erected huge buildings on the plains and hewed beautiful homes out of the hills.
  • As their material wealth increased, their virtue decreased. Tyranny and oppression became prevalent as evil men ruled the land.
  • They also fell to idol-worship, so Allah sent unto them Salih, from among them.

Salih’s D’awah

  • He called his people to worship Allah alone. Some believed him but majority of them disbelieved and harmed him by both words and deeds. “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah (god) but Him.” [Hud 11:61]
  • His people said to him: O Salih! You have been among us as a figure of good hope and we wished for you to be our chief, till this, new thing which you have brought that we leave our gods and worship your God (Allah) alone! Do you now forbid us the worship of what our fathers have worshipped? But we are really in grave doubt as to that which you invite us to monotheism. [Hud 11:62]
  • They merely wanted to worship the same gods as their fathers had, with no reason, no proof, no thought.

Thamud’s challenge to Salih

  • They doubted his words, thinking he was charmed
  • They saw that he would not stop preaching. Fearing that his followers would increase, they asked him a proof if his truthfulness. They challenged him, pointing at a rock, they demanded: “Ask your Lord to make a she-camel, 10 months pregnant, tall, attractive, issue from the rock for us.”
  • Salih replied: “Look now! If Allah sends you what you have requested, just as you have described, will you believe in that which I have come to you with and have faith in the message I have been sent with?” They answered: “Yes.”
  • So he took a vow from them on this, then prayed to Allah the Almighty to grant their request. Allah ordered the distant rock to split asunder, to bringing forth a great ten month pregnant she-camel. When their eyes set on it, they were amazed. They saw a great thing, a wonderful sight, a dazzling power and clear evidence!
  • The people of Thamud gathered on a certain day at their meeting place, and Salih came and addressed them to believe in Allah, reminding them of the favors Allah had granted them.

The she-camel

  • At first, the people of Thamud were greatly surprised when the she- camel issued from the mountain rocks, followed by its young offspring.
  • It used to drink all the water in the wells in one day, and no other animals could approach the water. It was a blessed camel, and its milk sufficient for thousands of people. If it slept in a place that place was abandoned by other animals. Thus it was obvious that is was not an ordinary camel, but one of Allah’s signs.
  • For a while, Salih’s people let the camel graze and drink freely, but in their hearts they hated it.
  • The disbelievers began complaining that this huge she camel with its unusual qualities drank most of the water and frightened their cattle.
  • Salih feared that they might kill the camel, so he warned them: “O my people! This she camel of Allah is a sign to you, leave her to feed on Allah’s earth, and touch her not with evil lest a near torment will seize you.” [Hud 11:64]
  • A number of his people believed, yet most of them continued in their disbelief, stubbornness, and going astray. “Verily the dwellers of Al-Hijr (the rocky tract) denied the Messengers. We gave them Our Signs, but they were averse to them.” [Al-Hijr 15:80-81]

The killers

  • Their hatred of Salih turned towards the she-camel so they secretly plotted against it. “We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong.” [Al-Isra 17:59]
  • They sought the help of their women folk to tempt the men to carry out their commands. Saduq bint of Mahya, who was from a rich and noble family, offered herself to a young man named Masrai Ibn Mahraj on condition that he hamstring the camel. Aniza, an old woman, offered one of her daughters to a young man, Qudar Ibn Saluf, in return for killing the camel. Naturally these young men were tempted and set about finding seven others to assist them.
  • They watched the camel closely, observing all its movements. As the she camel came to drink at the well, Masrai shot it in the leg with an arrow. It tried to escape but was hampered by the arrow. Qudar followed the camel and struck it with a sword in the other leg. As it fell to the ground, he pierced it with his sword.

Salih’s warning

  • The killers were given a hero’s welcome, cheered with songs and poetry composed in their praise. In their arrogance they mocked Salih, but he warned them: “Enjoy life for 3 more days then the punishment will descend upon you.” Salih was hoping that they would repent and change their ways
  • “Why 3 days?” they asked. “Let the punishment come as quickly as possible.”
  • He pleaded with them: “My people, why do you hasten to evil rather than good? Why do not you ask pardon of Allah so that you may receive mercy?”
  • They replied: “We see your presence and that of your followers as bringing evil on us.“
  • Almighty Allah related their story in An-Naml 27:45-53.

Salih and his followers left

  • They also plotted to kill Salih and his household as Almighty Allah stated:So they planned a plot, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not.” [An-Naml 27:50]
  • Allah saved Salih and his followers from their wicked plans.
  • Heavy-hearted, they left the evildoers and moved to another place to be safe before the punishment strikes.

Proof from the Qur’an

  • To Thamud people We sent their brother Salih. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Ilah (god) but Him (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah). Indeed there has come to you a clear sign (the miracle of the coming out of a huge she-camel from the midst of a rock) from your Lord. This she camel of Allah is a sign unto you so you leave her to graze in Allah’s earth, and touch her not with harm, lest a painful torment should size you. Remember when He made you successors after Ad people and gave you habitations in the land, you build for yourselves palaces in plains and carve out homes in the mountains. So remember the graces bestowed upon you from Allah, and do not go about making mischief on the earth.” The leaders of those who were arrogant among his people said to those who were counted weak to such of them as believed: “Know you that Salih is one sent from his Lord.” They said: “We indeed believe in that with which he has been sent.” Those who were arrogant said: “Verily, we disbelieve in that which you believe in.” So they killed the she camel and insolently defied the Commandment of their Lord, and said: “O Salih! Bring about your threats if you are indeed one of the Messengers (of Allah).” So the earthquakes seized them and they lay dead, prostrate in their homes. Then he (Salih) turned from them, and said: “O my people! I have indeed conveyed to you the Message of my Lord, and have given you good advice but you like not good advisers.” [Al-Araf 7:73-79]

The punishment

  • Thunderbolts filled the air,followed by severe earthquakes which destroyed the entire tribe and its homeland. The land was violently shaken, destroying all living creatures in it.
  • There was one terrific cry which had hardly ended when they were struck dead, one and all, at the same time.
  • Neither their strong buildings nor their rock-hewn homes could protect them.

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

Idris, grandfather of Nuh

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Idris (إدريس)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)


Who was he?

  • His English name was either Enoch or Khunoch
  • Born while Adam was still to live 380 years
  • Grandfather of Prophet Nuh

The first man

  • To be sent as a Prophet after Adam and Seth
  • To write with a pen
  • To wear a stitched clothing
  • To think about astronomy (study of heavenly bodies) علم الفلك

Was he a prophet?

  • Allah revealed to him 30 Scriptures. “I would raise for you every day the same amount of the deeds as of all Adam’s children.” (perhaps in his time only)
  • “And mention in the Book Idris, he was a truthful prophet. And We raised him high in the heaven.” [Maryam 19:56-57]

Idris wanted to increase his deeds and devotion

  • His angel friend visited him and Idris asked him to talk to the angel of death not to take his soul yet because he wants to increase his deeds.
  • His angel friend carried him on his wings up to the heaven till they reached the 4th
  • They met the angel of death there, who was descending down to the earth.
  • His angel friend spoke to the angel of death about Idris.
  • The angel of death asked: “But where is Idris?”
  • His angel friend said: “He is upon my back.”
  • The angel of death said: “How astonishing! I was told to seize his soul in the 4th I kept thinking how I could seize it in the 4th when he was on the earth?”
  • Then he took his soul there out of his body, and that is what is meant by the verse: “… and We raise him high in the heaven.”
  • He lived for 83 years

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

Hud ibn Shalikh

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Hud (هود)
 (Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)


His name

  • Ibn Jarir reported that he was Hud Ibn Shalikh Ibn Arfakhshand Ibn Sam Ibn Noah.
  • He also reported that he was from a tribe called ‘Ad Ibn Us Ibn Sam Ibn Noah.
  • Chapter named after him: Hud 11 Verses 123.
  • Some traditions claimed that he was the first person who spoke Arabic (others claimed that it was Nuh, others said it was Adam).

His place

  • Place: Al-Ahqaf (the curved sandhills/dunes in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula) between Hadramaut (Yemen) and Oman stretching out into the sea.
  • Their dwelling-place was called Ashar.
  • The valley which they lived was known as Mughith.
  • Their city is called Iram.

His people

  • Tribe: ‘Ad (عاد) who were Arabs. They were one of the Arab Aribah, one of the pure original Arabs before the coming of Ismael.
  • They were physically well-built.
  • Renowned for their craftsmanship especially in the construction of tall buildings with lofty towers. “Have you not seen how your Lord dealt with the ‘Ad; of the city of Iram, with lofty pillars; the like of which was never created in any land.” [Al-Fajr 89:6-8]
  • Outstanding among all the nations in power and wealth which unfortunately made them arrogant and boastful. Their political power was held in the hand of unjust rulers, against whom no one dared to raise a voice.

‘Ad and idolatry

  • They were not ignorant of the existence of Allah, nor did they refuse to worship Him. What they did refuse was to worship Allah alone. They worshiped other gods, also, including idols.
  • They were the first people to worship idols after the flood. They have 3 idols: Samd, Samud and Hara
  • Allah wanted to guide and discipline these people, so He sent Hud from among them to be their prophet.

Hud’s D’awah to his people

  • Hud condemned idol worship and admonished his people. “My people, what is the benefit of these stones that you carve with your own hands and worship?”
  • In reality it is an insult to the intellect. There is only One Deity worthy of worship and that is Allah.
  • Hud hoped to instill faith in them, but they refused to accept his message. His people asked him: “Do you desire to be our master with your call? What payment do you want?”
  • Hud tried to make them understand that he would receive his reward from Allah; he did not demand anything from them except that they let the light of truth touch their minds and hearts. And to Ad people We sent their brother Hud. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other god but Him; Certainly, you do nothing but invent lies! O my people I ask of you no reward for it (the Message). My reward is only from Him Who created me. Will you not then understand? And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimin (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).”

‘Ad’s challenge to Hud

  • They said: “O Hud! No evidence have you brought us and we shall not leave our gods for your mere saying! We are not believers in you. All that we say is that some of our gods (false deities) have seized you with evil (madness).”
  • His people asked him for a clear sign. They said: “You did not bring us any miracle supporting your claim of being truthful, and so we are not going to leave our idolatry…”

Hud challenged them in return

  • He had no other way but to turn to Allah alone, no other alternative but to give them a threatening ultimatum. He declared to them:
  • He said: “I call Allah to witness and bear you witness that I am free from that which you ascribe as partners in worship, and with Him (Allah). So plot against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving (living) creature but He has grasp of its forelock. Verily, my Lord is on the Straight Path (the truth). So if you turn away, still I have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. Surely, my Lord is Guardian over all things.” [Hud 11:50-57]

‘Ad and their arrogance

  • He tried to speak to them and to explain about Allah’s blessings – Nuh’s successors; wonderful physiques; strength and power; Allah sent them rain to revive the soil; blessed them in many ways
  • His people looked about them and found they were the strongest on earth, so they become prouder and more obstinate.
  • Thus they argued a lot with Hud. They asked “O Hud! Do you say that later we die and turn into dust, we will be resurrected?” He replied, “Yes, you will come back on the Day of Judgment and each of you will be asked about what you did.”

Belief in Judgment is important

  • A peal of laughter was heard after the last statement. “How strange Hud’s claims are!” The disbelievers muttered among themselves. They believed that when man dies his body decays and turns into dust, which is swept away by the wind.
  • How could that return to its original state? Then what is the significance of the Day of Judgment? Why does the dead return to life? All these questions were patiently received by Hud. He then explained his people that belief in the Day of Judgment is essential to Allah’s justice. Hud explained that justice demands that there be a Day of Judgment. Good is not always victorious in life and sometimes evil overpowers good.
  • Will such crimes go unpunished? If we suppose there is no Day of Judgment, then a great injustice will have prevailed, but Allah has forbidden injustice to be incurred by Himself or His subjects. Therefore, the existence of the Day of Judgment, a day of accounting for our deeds and being rewarded or punished for them, reveals the extend of Allah’s justice
  • Hud spoke to them about all of these things. They listened but disbelieved him.
  • His people’s attitude towards the Day of Judgment – “The chiefs of his people, whom disbelieved and denied the meeting in the Hereafter, and to whom We had given the luxuries and comforts of this life, said: “He is no more than a human being like you, he eats of that which you eat, and drinks of what you drink. If you were to obey a human being like yourselves then verily! You indeed would be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and have become dust and bones, you shall come out alive (resurrected)? Far, very far, is that which you are promised. There is nothing but our life of this world! We die and we live! We are not going to be resurrected! He is only a man who has invented a lie against Allah, but we are not going to believe in him.” [Al-Mu’minun 23:33-38]

Hud’s warning

  • To believe in Him and not to be blind to His favors, or they will have the same fate as Nuh’s people.
  • Their chief asked: Is it not strange that Allah chooses one of us to reveal His message to?” Hud replied: “What is strange in that? Allah wants to guide you to the right way of life, so He sent me to warn you. Noah’s flood and his story are not far away from you, so do not forget what happened. All the disbelievers were destroyed, no matter how strong they were.” The chief asked, “Who is going to destroy us Hud?” Hud replied, “Allah.” The disbelievers among his people answered: “We will be saved by our gods.”
  • Hud clarified to them that the gods they worshiped would be the reason for their destruction. Allah alone saves people, and that no other power on earth can benefit or harm anyone
  • The conflict between Hud and his people continued. The years passed, and they became prouder and more obstinate, and more tyrannical and more defiant of their prophet’s message.
  • Aside from accusing him a LIAR, they also accused him of being a crazy lunatic. One day they told him: “We now understand the secret of your madness you insulted our gods and they harmed you; that is why you have become insane.”

Hud renounced them

  • Hud affirmed his dependence on Allah Who had created him.
  • Hud realized that punishment would be incurred on the disbelievers among his people. It is one of the laws of life. Allah punishes the disbelievers, no matter how rich, tyrannical or great they are.
  • Hud and his people waited for Allah’s promise. “… then watch and wait, and I will be watching and waiting with you.” [Al-Araf 7:71]

The punishment

  • The 1st stage of punishment: They started suffering from want of rain, drought and famine. A drought spread throughout the land, for the sky no longer sent its rain. They asked Hud: “What is that drought Hud?“ Hud answered: “Allah is angry with you. If you believe in Him, He will accept you and the rain will fall and you will become stronger than you are.”They mocked him and became more obstinate, sarcastic and preserve in their unbelief. The drought increased, the trees turned yellow, and plants died.
  • A day came when they found the sky full of clouds. Hud’s people were glad as they came out of their tents. “Then when they saw it as a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: “This is a cloud bringing us rain!” Nay but it is that torment which you were asking to be hastened! A wind wherein is a painful torment! Destroying everything by the command of its Lord!” [46:24-25]
  • The weather changed suddenly from burning dry and hot to stinging cold. The wind shook everything; trees, plants, tents, men and women. The wind increased day after day and night after night.
  • They ran to their tents to hide but the gale became stronger, ripping their tents from their stakes. They hid under cloth covers but the gale became stronger and still and tore away the covers. It slashed clothing and skin. It penetrated the apertures of the body and destroyed it. It hardly touched anything before it was destroyed or killed, its core sucked out to decompose and rot. The wind lifted them then let them fall with their heads downwards and dropped them smashing their heads into pieces and their bodies left.
  • The length of punishment: The storm raged for continuous 8 days and 7 nights until the entire region was reduced to ruins and its wicked people destroyed, swallowed by the sands of the desert. And as for ‘Ad, they were destroyed for a furious violent wind which Allah imposed on them for 7 nights and 8 days in succession, so that you could see men lying as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees!” [Al-Haqqah 69:6-7]

Hud and the believers

  • Only Hud and his followers remained unharmed. “So We rescued him and those with him by Our Mercy…” [Al-Araf 7:72] “And when Our Command came, We rescued Hud and those who believed with him, through Our Mercy, and saved them from a severe punishment…” [Hud 11:58]
  • They migrated to Hadramawt and lived there in peace, worshiping Allah, their true Lord.

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

Ezekiel Ibn Buzi

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

Prophet Dhul Kifl (ذو الكفل)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)

Who was he?

  • Although Dhul Kifl’s identity is disputed, he is most likely Ezekiel Ibn Buzi.
  • Some Islamic scholars have likened Ezekiel’s mission to the description of Dhul Kifl.
  • When the exile, monarchy, and state were annihilated, a political and national life was no longer possible. In the absence of a worldly foundation it became necessary to build a spiritual one.
  • Ezekiel performed this mission by observing the signs of the time and deducing his doctrines from them. In conformity with the two parts of his book, his personality and his preaching are alike two-fold.

Was he a prophet?

  • It is obvious from his being mentioned and praised in the Glorious Qur’an along with those other prophets that Dhul Kifl was a prophet.
  • And remember Our slaves, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, (all) owners of strength (in worshiping Us) and (also) of religious understanding. Verily, We did choose them by granting them (a good thing, – i.e. the remembrance of the home [in the Hereafter and they used to make the people remember it, and also they used to invite the people to obey Allah and to do good deeds for the Hereafter]. And they are in Our Sight, verily, of the chosen and the best! And remember Ishmael, Elisha, and Dhul Kifl, all are among the best. [Sad 38: 45-48]
  • And Isma’il and Idris and Dhul Kifl; all were men of constancy and patience. We admitted them into our mercy because they were of the righteous ones. [Al-Anbiya 21:85- 86]
  • Many Muslims accept that Ezekiel was indeed a Hebrew (Israelite) prophet of the 6th Century BC, some of whose writings and incidents were later recorded in the Book of Ezekiel. This book essentially represents the Hadith of Ezekiel, as it contains portions of his sayings and teachings.

Meaning of Dhul Kifl

  • Dhu literally means “possessor of”
  • Kifl means “double” or “duplicate”, from a root meaning “to double” or “to fold”
  • Kifl was also used of a fold of cloth
  • So Dhul Kifl is generally understood to mean “possessor of a double portion” or it would mean “one of double.”
  • Dhul-Kifl may mean “one who used a cloak of double thickness.” [Yusuf Ali]

Why he was called Dhul Kifl?

  • He supported his people to suffice their needs
  • He administered justice among them
  • He had to do double the work of the Prophets of his time

Dhul Kifl appointed as a vicegerent

  • When Al-Yasa (Elisha) grew old, he wished to appoint a suitable person as his successor to guide the Israelites.  He declared: “Only that person will be considered competent to become his successor who observes fast during the day, remembers Allah throughout the night and refrains from flying into a rage.”
  • One among the crowd stood up and said: “I will adhere to all these conditions.”
  • Al-Yasa repeated these conditions thrice and the same person promised solemnly to fulfill the conditions

 Dhul Kifl and the man

  • One day, an old man knocked at his door. The visitor lodged a complaint against the cruel treatment of the people towards him
  • The vicegerent directed him to come in the evening. He assured the visitor that all his grievances shall be redressed.
  • He promised but did not turn up at the appointed time. Next day he came again and complained as usual.
  • The vicegerent commanded him to come in the evening. He made a solemn promise to come but did not abide by it.
  • On the third day he came again and knocked at the door but it was not opened. The old man managed to slip into the room and presented himself before the vicegerent.
  • He was surprised at the sudden appearance of the old man. The vicegerent interrogated the visitor. He admitted that he was Iblis who assumed the likeness of an old man and was trying to enrage him. He endeavored to make him back out of his promise but failed in his mission.
  • Thereupon the vicegerent became known as Dhul Kifl because he maintained his solemn promise with Al-Yasa. He refrained from losing temper though the Satan left no stone unturned to annoy him.

 Chosen as a Prophet afterwards

  • He commanded his followers, the Israelites to wage holy war against
  • those who made mischief on the earth
  • Those opposed the religion of Allah
  • They refused to carry out his orders because they were afraid of death

Their Punishment

  • Caused by their disobedience of the Commandment of Allah and His Prophet, most of the people were overtaken by calamity. Plague broke out and numerous people died miserably
  • They deserted their houses in terror and ran away to save their lives. When they covered some distance, they heard a dreadful sound and the death prevailed over them.
  • None remained alive to bury them. The corpses were putrefied in the scorching heat of the sun.

Dhul Kifl came out of seclusion after 7 days

  • He was overwhelmed with grief to see the predicament of his followers. He supplicated: “O Allah! You have perished my followers.  Take pity on them and give them a new life.”
  • Allah granted his prayer. The dead people regained their lives. – “Have you not thought on those who quitted their dwellings – and they were thousands for fear of death.  Allah said to them: Die! Then He restored them to life, for full of bounty towards man is Allah.  But most men give not thanks.”  (2: 280)
  • Afterwards, Dhul Kifl left his followers
  • He migrated to Babylon and died there

After him

  • The Israelites deviated from the right way of life, as they usually did, and deserted Allah’s covenant with them. They worshipped many idols, among them Ba’al
  • So Allah sent to them another prophet, Elijah.

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

Lut bin Haran

STORIES OF THE PROPHETS (قـصـص الأنـبـيــاء)

PROPHET LUT (لوط)
(Aleyhis Salam – peace be upon him)

 About him

  • His father was Haran, a brother of Prophet Ibrahim.
  • He was from Sadum (Sodom) in Palestine, which was on the western shore of the Dead Sea.
  • Prophet Ibrahim left Iraq accompanied by his nephew Lut, who then went to the city of Sodom
  • Its residents waylaid, robbed and killed travelers.
  • Sodom city was filled with evil. Men had sex with men instead of with women, which was practiced openly and unashamedly. This unnatural act later became known as sodomy (after the city of Sodom).

Lut’s preaching to his people

  • It was at the height of these crimes and sins that Allah revealed to Prophet Lut that he should summon the people to give up their indecent behavior.
  • But they were so deeply sunk in their immoral habits that they were deaf to Lut’s preaching.
  • Swamped in their unnatural desires, they refused to listen, even when Lut warned them of Allah’s punishment.
  • Instead, they threatened to drive him out of the city if he kept on preaching.
  • The people of Lut (those dwelt in the towns of Sodom in Palestine) belied the Messengers when their brother Lut said to them: “Will you not fear Allah and obey Him? Verily! I am a trustworthy Messenger to you. So fear Allah, keep your duty to Him, and obey me. No reward do I ask of you for it (my Message of Islamic Monotheism) my reward is only from the Lord of the Alamin. Go you in unto the males of the Alamin (mankind), and leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your wives? Nay, you are a trespassing people!” They said: “If you cease not, O Lut! Verily, you will be one of those who are driven out!” He said: “I am indeed, of those who disapprove with severe anger and fury your (this evil) action (of sodomy). My Lord! Save me and my family from what they do.” So We saved him and his family, all except an old woman (this wife) among those who remained behind. [Ash-Shu’ara 26:160-171]

His family

  • The actions of Lut’s people saddened his heart.
  • Their unwholesome reputation spread throughout the land, while he struggled against them
  • As the years passed, he persisted in his mission but to no avail.
  • No one responded to his call except for the members of his family, with the exclusion of his wife who was a disbeliever.
  • Allah set forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Noah and the wife of Lut. They were under two of Our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands, by rejecting their doctrines) so they (Nuh & Lut) benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allah, and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter! [At-Tahrim 66:10]

His prayer

  • Overwhelmed with despair, Lut prayed to Allah to grant him victory and destroy the corrupt.
  • Therefore, the angels left Ibrahim and headed for Sodom and reached the walls of the town in the afternoon.
  • The first person who caught sight of them was Lut’s daughter, who was sitting beside the river, filling her jug with water.
  • When she lifted her face and saw them, she was stunned that there could be men of such magnificent beauty on earth.

The 3 angels

  • One of the tree men (angels) asked her: “O maiden, is there a place to rest?”
  • Remembering the character of her people, she replied, “Stay here and do not enter until I inform my father and return.” Leaving her jug by the river, she swiftly ran home.
  • “O father!” she cried. “You are wanted by young men at the town gate and I have never before seen the like of their faces!”
  • Lut felt distressed as he quickly ran to his guests. He asked them where they came from and where they were going. They did not answer his questions.
  • Instead they asked if he could host them. He started talking with them and impressed upon them the subject of his people’s nature.
  • Lut was filled with turmoil; he wanted to convince his guests without offending them, not to spend the night there, yet at the same time he wanted to extend to them the expected hospitality normally accorded to guests.
  • In vain, he tried to make them understand the perilous situation. At last, therefore, he requested them to wait until the night fell, for then no one would see them.
  • When darkness fell on the town, Lut escorted his guest to his home. No one was aware of their presence. However, as soon as Lut’s wife saw them, she slipped out of the house quietly so that no one noticed her. Quickly, she ran to her people with the news and it spread to all the inhabitants like wildfire.
  • The people rushed towards Lut quickly and excitedly. Lut was surprised by their discovery of his guests. and he wondered who could have informed them. The matter became clear, however, when he could not find his wife, anywhere, thus adding grief to his sorrow.
  • When Lut saw the mob approaching his house, he shut the door, but they kept on banging on it. He pleaded with them to leave the visitors alone and fear Allah’s punishment. He urged them to seek sexual fulfillment with their wives, for that is what Allah had made lawful.
  • Lut’s people waited until he had finished his short sermon, and then they roared with laughter. Blinded by passion, they broke down the door
  • Lut became very angry, but he stood powerless before these violent people. He was unable to prevent the abuse of his guests, but he firmly stood his ground and continued to plead with the mob
  • At that terrible moment, he wished he had the power to push them away from his guests. Seeing him in a state of helplessness, and grief the guests said: “Do not be anxious or frightened, Lut for we are angels, and these people will not harm you.”
  • On hearing this, the mob was terrified and fled from Lut’s house, hurling threats at him as they left
  • The angels told Prophet Lut to leave his house before sunrise, taking with him all his family except his wife
  • Allah had decreed that the city of Sodom should perish. An earthquake rocked the town
  • It was as if a mighty power had lifted the entire city and flung it down in one jolt
  • A storm of stones rained on the city. Everyone and everything was destroyed
  • According to archaeological findings, the area is covered with Sulphur (from volcanic eruption)

Proof

  • And tell them about the guests (angels) of Ibrahim. When they entered unto him, and said: “Peace!” Ibrahim said: “Indeed! We are afraid of you.” They (the angels) said: “Do not be afraid! We give you glad tidings of a boy (son) possessing much knowledge and wisdom.” (Ibrahim) said: “Do you give me glad tidings (of a son) when old age has overtaken me? Of what then is your news?” They (the angels) said: “We give you glad tidings in truth. SO be not of the despairing.” Ibrahim said: “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?” (Ibrahim again) said: “What then is the business on which you have come, O Messengers?” They (the angels) said: “We have been sent to a people who are Mujrimin (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners). (All) except the family of Lut. Them all we are surely going to save (from destruction).” Except his wife, of whom We have decreed that she shall be of the those who remain behind (she will be destroyed).Then when the Messengers (the angels) came unto the family of Lut, he said: “Verily! You are people unknown to me.” They said: “Nay! we have come to you with that (torment) which they have been doubting. And we have brought to you the truth (the news of the destruction of your nation) and certainly, we tell the truth. Then travel in a part of the night with your family, and you go behind them in the rear, and let no one amongst you look back, but go on to where you are ordered.” And We made known this decree to him, that the root of those (sinners) was to be cut off in the early morning. [Al-Hijr 15:51-77]
  • So we saved him and his family, all, except an old woman (his wife) among those who remained behind. Then afterward We destroyed the others. We rained on them a rain of torment. How evil was the rain of those who had been warned. Verily, in this is indeed a sign yet most of them are not believers. Verily! Your Lord, He is indeed the All Mighty, the Most Merciful. [Ash-Shu’ara 26:170-175]

Lut went to his uncle

  • Their towns and names have been erased from the face of the earth
  • Lut proceeded towards Ibrahim
  • He visited him, and when he recounted the story of his people, he was surprised to learn that Ibrahim already knew.
  • So Lut continued to invite people to Allah, as did Ibrahim, the patient one who turned to Allah repentantly, and the two held firm to their mission.

The Dead Sea

  • The Dead Sea is called “dead” because its high salinity prevents macroscopic aquatic organisms, such as fish and aquatic plants from living in it, though minuscule quantities of bacteria and microbial fungi are present. In Arabic, it is called Al-Bahr Al-Mayyit or less commonly Bahr Lut (The Sea of Lut).
  • Why the ‘Dead Sea’ is the lowest place on earth? It was near the land in which the Prophet Lut lived. The people in this area were considered wicked for their acts of homosexuality, robbery and murder, and therefore Allah had ordained punishment to the people of Lut for these deeds. The punishment arrived when 3 angels in the form of handsome men were sent down by Allah as guests for Lut to host. When Lut’s people heard of the men, they rushed to Lut’s house with their explicit intentions and asked Lut to turn over these men to them. This was the final test for the people of Lut in which they failed, so angel Jibril raised the land where the prophet’s people lived, tipped it upside down and threw it back on earth, causing the ground near the impact to cave in. Thus, the lowest land on earth was formed because of this punishment. The non-believers were destroyed and the followers were saved.
  • Surah Ar-Rum refers to the Dead Sea as the lowest place on earth. Alif, Lam, Mim. The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but after their defeat they will be victorious within few (three to nine) years. The affair is Allah’s from beginning to end. On that day, the believers will rejoice. [Ar-Rum 30:1-4]

[Source: Stories of the Prophets/Darussalam]

The best man ever

HIS NAME

  • Muhammad Bin Abdullah Bin Abdul Muttalib Bin Hashim Bin Abdu Munaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilab.

SENDING BLESSINGS ON HIM

  • “Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” [Al-Ahzab 33:56]
  • 1 greeting for him is equivalent to 10 times
  • Whenever his name is mentioned in any way, (gathering, written form, etc.), a believer responds by saying either SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM صلى الله عليه وسلم or ALAYHI WAS SALATU WAS SALAM عليه والصلاة والسلام. Both mean “Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.”
  • The Prophet ﷺ: “The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned but he does not supplicate for me.” [At-Tirmidhi, Sahih Al-Albani]

HIS NAME IS CONSTANTLY KEPT ALIVE

  • Adhan
  • Iqamah
  • Khutbah
  • Salah
  • Sending blessings on him
  • Shahadatayn after Wudu/Ghusl

HIS ESSENTIAL RIGHTS

  • His rights are the most important after the rights of Allah. There is no human who has more rights than him. Allah said: “Verily, we have sent you (Muhammad) as a witness, as a bearer of glad tidings, and as a warner in order that you (mankind) may believe in Allah and His Messenger.…” [Al-Fath 48:8-9]
  • Love for him should be more than one’s love for himself, his children, his family, and his worldly possessions. He said: “None of you will reach belief till I become dearer to him than his children, parents and all humans.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Respect him by adherence to his Sunnah. The way to venerate him is to obey him, do as he commanded and avoid that which he forbade. “Say (O Muhammad to mankind)” If you love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Ali Imran 3:31]
  • Believe in him in matters of religion and the past, present and future happenings he told us about.
  • To defend the religion, either by the limbs, by the tongue and writings. Not to ignore attacks on the Prophet or on his religion. Believers must strive to reject, in the best manner, attacks on his character or on any aspect of his religion.

HIS PHYSICAL FEATURES

  • Medium built
  • Well-formed large head set on a slender neck
  • Luminous face like a full moon
  • Broad forehead
  • Black attractive eyes finely arched by continuous eyebrows. Eyelids were long-haired
  • Thick beard
  • Glossy and black long wavy hair
  • High-tipped nose, middle-cambered with narrow nostrils
  • Plain cheeks
  • Two front teeth had gap
  • Broad flat chest with his belly aligned
  • No hair neither in his abdomen nor on his chest except some on his arms and shoulders. Little hair running down like a rod from his throat down to his navel
  • Long forearms with expansive palms and legs were plain straight and stretching down

HIS FAMILY

HIS PARENTS

  • Father: Abdullah Bin Abdul Muttalib
  • Mother: Aminah Bint Wahhab

HIS 11 WIVES (MOTHERS OF THE BELIEVERS)

9 were alive when he passed away

  1. Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid (his first and only wife at that time)
  2. Sawdah Bint Zam’ah
  3. Aishah Siddiqah Bint Abu Bakr
  4. Hafsah Bint Umar Bin Khattab
  5. Zaynab Bint Khuzaymah
  6. Hind Bint Abu Umayyah (Um Salamah)
  7. Zaynab Bint Jahsh Bin Riqab
  8. Juwayriyah Bint Al-Harith
  9. Ramlah Bint Abu Sufyan (Um Habibah)
  10. Safiyah Bint Huyay Bin Akhtah
  11. Maymunah Bint Harith Hilaliya

HIS 7 CHILDREN

All of them were born to Khadijah (radiyallahu anhu) except Ibrahim.

  1. Qasim
  2. Abdullah- Tahir (the pure) or Tayyib (the good)
  3. Zaynab
  4. Ruqayyah
  5. Um Khulthum
  6. Fatimah
  7. Ibrahim – born to Maria Qibtiya

HIS BIRTH

  • 9 Rabi Al-Awwal (The Sealed Nectar)
  • Monday morning
  • Makkah,  Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Year of the Elephant (‘Am Al-Fil) corresponding to April 21, 571 AD
  • Many different opinions, 12 Rabi Al-Awwal (most common)

HIS DEATH

  • 9 Rabi Al-Awwal, 11 AH (The Sealed Nectar) corresponding to June 8, 632 AD
  • Monday morning after Fajr
  • Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • 63 years and 4 days old
  • Died in Aishah’s lap and  buried in Aishah’s house
  • Many different opinions, 12 Rabi Al-Awwal (most common)

Link/s: Salawat on the Prophet ﷺ

[Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar) and other different sources]