AR- RAZZÂQ (الرزاق) The All-Provider AR-RÂZIQ (الرازق) The Provider KHAYRUR RÂZIQIN (خيرالرازقين) Best of Providers
Rizq (sustenanace) is already decreed for man ever since the soul was blown into the fetus. AR-RAZZÂQ is in the magnified form stressing Allah’s great magnitude and variety of Rizq. Allah is the provider and He alone controls Rizq. He grants or withholds Rizq to everyone, either He loves them or not, according to His wisdom. The verb form Razaqa (رَزَقَ) meaning “to provide” occurs 61 times in the holy Quran indicating that Allah is continuously providing Rizq.
Spiritual (abstract): guidance, wisdom, knowledge, peace of mind, talent, intelligence…
“Verily, Allâh is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” (إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلرَّزَّاقُ ذُو ٱلۡقُوَّةِ ٱلۡمَتِينُ) [Adh-Dhariyat 51:58]
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the Best of Providers.” [Al-Ma’idah 5:114]
And those who emigrated for the cause of Allah and then were killed or died – Allah will surely provide for them a good provision. And indeed, it is Allah who is the Best of Providers. [Al-Hajj 22:58]
Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the Best of Providers.[Al-Mu’minun 23:72]
Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the Best of Providers.” [Saba 34:39]
But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the Best of Providers.” [Al-Jumu’ah 62:11]
AL-BARI (البارئ) The Evolver
AL-MUSAWWIR (المُصَوِّر) The Fashioner
AL-BARI is the One who brings into existence all types of creation according to His plan and estimation. He originates and puts them in perfect harmony and balanced proportions, within the creation itself and with other creatures. Fore example, plant gives oxygen to man and in return man gives carbon dioxide to plant. AL-MUSAWWIR is the One who shapes everything perfectly, without model, at the same time so that no two things are exactly alike. The holy Quran mentions the verb Yusawwir (يصور) meaning “to shape” in many places: “He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He wills.” (هُوَٱلَّذِى يُصَوِّرُڪُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡحَامِ كَيۡفَ يَشَآءُۚ) [Ali Imran 3:6]
“He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things (Al-Bari), the Bestower of forms (Al-Musawwir). To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Al-Hashr 59:24]
And [recall] when Moses said to his people, “O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf [for worship]. So repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That is best for [all of] you in the sight of your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. [Al-Baqarah 2:54]
DHUT TAWL (ذو الطول) Owner of Bounty DHUL FADL (ذوالفضل) Owner of Bounty DHUL FADLIL ‘ADHIM (ذوالفضل العظيم) Owner of Great Bounty
Linguistically, DHU means “with, in, on,or of” but DHU in the holy Quran is translated as Lord of, Owner of, or Possessor of. DHUT TAWL is the One who gives His creation favors and there’s no way you can pay that no matter what you do. DHUL FADLIL (ADHIM) is the One who gives more than what is asked for, more than what He needs to give.
The Forgiver of sin, Acceptor of repentance, severe in punishment, Owner of abundance (Dhut Tawl)…. [Ghafir 40:3]
… and Allah is the Possessor of bounty (Dhul Fadl) for the believers. [Ali Imran 3:152]
… And Allah is full of bounty to the people, but most of the people do not show gratitude. [Al-Baqarah 2:243]
… but Allah is full of bounty to the worlds. [Al-Baqarah 2:251]
That is the bounty of Allah, which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty (Dhul Fadlil Adhim). [Al-Jumu’ah 62:4]
… and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Baqarah 2:105]
… And Allah is the Possessor of great bounty [Ali Imran 3:74, 174]
… And Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Anfal 8:29]
…. and Allah is the Possessor of great bounty. [Al-Hadid 57:21, 29]
DHUL MA’ARIJ (ذو المعارج) Owner of The Ways of Ascent
DHU, which literally means “with, in, on,or of” is translated as “Lord/Owner/Possessor of” in the holy Quran. M’IRAJ (ascent), singular form of MA’ARIJ, is related to Highness because to ascend means to go up, higher and higher to the One who is All-High.
The angels ascend to Allah
Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu): Allah’s Apostle said, “A group of angels stay with you at night and another group of angels by daytime, and both groups gather at the time of the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers. Then those angels who have stayed with you overnight, ascend (to Heaven) and Allah asks them (about you) – and He knows everything about you. ‘In what state did you leave My slaves?’ The angels reply, ‘When we left them, they were praying, and when we reached them they were praying.'” [Bukhari]
The good deeds of people ascend to Him
Whoever desires honor [through power] –then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it…. [Fatir 35:10]. Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radiyallahu Anhu): Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) said, “If somebody gives in charity something equal to a date from his honestly earned money for nothing ascends to Allah except good – then Allah will take it in His Right (Hand) and bring it up for its owner as anyone of you brings up a baby horse, till it becomes like a mountain.” Abu Hurairah said: The Prophet said, “Nothing ascends to Allah except good.” [Bukhari]
[It is] from Allah, Owner of the ways of ascent. [Al-Ma’arij 70:3]
Linguistically, HAYA means modesty, shyness, humility and bashfulness. AL-HAYYIY is the One who owns perfect modesty. He loves and inspires modesty and shyness in His slaves. HAYA is often seen as negative character of weakness and lack of confidence. Islamically, HAYA is either good or bad. The good HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah forbade and bad HAYA is to be ashamed to do something that Allah ordered. – Abdullah ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhu) narrated: “The Prophet passed by a man who was admonishing his brother regarding Haya and was saying: ‘You are very shy,and I am afraid that might harm you.’ On that, the Prophet said: ‘Leave him, for Haya is (a part) of faith.'” [Bukhari]
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Verily! Allah, the Mighty and Majestic is Halim (Forebearing), Hayyi (Shy), Sittir (Covering). He loves modesty and shyness and covering. Therefore when any of you bathe let him cover himself (i.e. from the sight of people).” [Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Al-Baihaqi, Ahmed, graded as Sahih]
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Indeed your Lord is the Shy One, the Generous, Allah is shy from His slave if the slave raises his hands towards Him, that He would return them without anything.” [Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah – authenticated by Al-Albani]
Five virtues of Haya
Allah loves Haya. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Surely Allah (is the One who) has Haya and is the Protector. He loves Haya and people who cover each other’s faults.” [Bukhari]
Haya is the character of Islam. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Every religion has an innate character. The character of Islam is Haya.” [Abu Dawud]
Haya brings good to everything in which it is found. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya does not bring anything except good.” [Bukhari]; “When lewdness is a part of anything, it becomes defective; and when Haya is part of anything it becomes beautiful.” [Tirmidhi]
One’s level of Haya is an indication of one’s faith (Iman). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Iman consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya is a part of Iman. [Bukhari]
Haya leads to Paradise (Jannah). The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Haya comes from Iman; and Iman leads to Jannah. Obscenity comes from aversion; and aversion leads to the Hire.” [Bukhari]
AL-MUSTA’AN is the One whose help is sought and in whom refuge is taken. Linguistically, ISTI’ANAH refers to the concept of seeking help. ISTI’ANAH is an act of worship which is seeking the help from Allah alone. His help is always sought because He is capable to provide the best help at all times in any situation. Anyone’s help is dependent on His help, so turn to Him first before others. – “You alone do we worship,and You alone do we turn for help.” [Al-Fatihah 1:5]. The Prophet said: “…If you seek help, seek help from Allah alone; and if you need assistance, supplicate to Allah Alone for help….” [Tirmidhi]. His help will come from where you never could have imagined. – “And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him….” [At-Talaq 65:3]
… [Jacob] said, “Rather, your souls have enticed you to something, so patience is most fitting. And Allah is the one sought for help against that which you describe.” [Yusuf 12:18]
He (Muhammad) said, “My Lord, judge between us in truth. And our Lord is the Most Merciful, the one whose help is sought against that which you describe.” [Al-Anbiya 21:112]
ASH-SHAFI is the One who grants intercession and intercession exclusively belongs to Him. Seeking Allah’s intercession with any of His creations is trespassing His RUBUBIYYAH (Lordship) and impairs one’s belief in TAWHID (Oneness of Allah). Nobody may be invoked besides Him because none of those invoked can intercede without His leave. They are powerless to bring benefit, repel harm or bestow favors. – Do not worship besides Allah that which cannot help (profit) or harm you. [Al-Anbiya 21:66]; Verily,those whom you call upon besides Allah are slaves like you…. [Al-‘Araf 7:194]
Or have they adopted intercessors besides Allah? Say: “Even
though they do not control a thing and have no awareness?” Say: “Intercession
is entirely Allah’s affair. The kingdom of the heavens and earth is His.
Then you will be returned to Him.” [Az-Zumar 39:43-44]
said: “So the Prophets, the angels and the believers will
intercede, and the Compeller (Allah) will say, ‘There remains My
intercession.’ Then He will take a handful from the Fire and bring forth
some people whose bodies have been burnt and throw them into a river at
the entrance to Paradise that is called the Water of Life. They will grow
on its banks, as a seed carried by a flood grows. You have seen how it
grows beside a rock or beside a tree, and how the side facing the sun is
usually green while the side facing the shade is white. They will come out
like pearls, and necklaces will be placed around their necks. Then they
will enter Paradise, and the people of Paradise will say, ‘These are the
people emancipated by the Most Merciful. He has admitted them into
Paradise without them having done any good deeds and without them having
sent forth any good (for themselves).’ Then it will be said to them, ‘You
will have what you have seen and the equivalent thereof.'” [Bukhari]
4 elements of Shafa’ah
Ash-Shafi’ الشفيع (one who intercedes). SHAFA’AH (intercession) literally means “to join.” He is called as such because he joins his wish and desire with the one being interceded for. An intercessor intercedes only with the one who is superior to him.
Al-Mashfu’ ilayhi المشفوع عليه (the one whose help is needed)
Al-Mashfu’ lahu المشفوع له (the one for whom the intercession is done)
Al-Mashfu’ bihi المشفوع به (the subject of the intercession)
Allah grants SHAFA’AH on 3 conditions: His permission is granted to the intercessor; He is pleased with the intercessor; and He is pleased with the one for whom the intercession is done. On the Day of Judgment, none can utter any word except by His permission. – … Who is he that can intercede with him except with His permission? [Al-Baqarah 2:255]; And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases. [An-Najm 53:26]
SHAFA’AH is useless without Allah’s permission and pleasure. Allah will not grant the disbelievers and polytheists permission for intercession and no intercession is accepted on behalf of anyone of them. – And intercession does not benefit with Him except for one whom He permits…. [Saba34:22-23]; So no intercession of intercessor will be of any use to them. [Al-Muddath-thir74:48]
Shafa’ah on the Day of Judgment
I. The Prophet’s intercession
He will intercede at the Place of Gathering as a start of the Judgment called the “greatest intercession.” This is MAQAM AL-MAHMUD (The Praised Position) which Allah has promised him. Avail of his intercession by invoking to Allah to raise him to MAQAM AL-MAHMUD after the call to prayer. “O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right of intercession and superiority and send him to the best and the highest place which You promised him.” [Bukhari]
For the people of Paradise to enter it. Even though they deserved to enter it, they will not be permitted until he intercedes for them.
For some people of Paradise to be granted higher level in it.
Exclusively for him, for his paternal uncle Abu Talib, who will be in Hell for eternity to have his punishment reduced.
II. Shared intercession
The Prophet together with all the Prophets, the martyrs, the truthful ones, the righteous people, the angels…
For those who deserved to be in Hell but they will be saved from entering it.
For those who have already entered Hell to be taken out from it. Sinners who are monotheists will not stay in Hell for eternity.
III. ALLAH: The Ultimate Intercessor
Those who did not do any good deed but maintained their belief inTAWHID, Allah will take them out of Hell by virtue of His infinite Grace, Bounty, Mercy and Forgiveness.