Sawm: At-Tariqah As-Sahihah

If you are traveling, it is permissible for you to break the fast. To this effect, Allah, the All Just, saysHOW TO FAST PROPERLY?

SUHUR/SAHAR

  • A meal taken before the break of dawn
  • Sunnah to take as late as possible. How late? Enough to read 50 verses before Adhan Al-Fajr
  • “Eat a pre-dawn meal, for there are blessings on it.“ [Bukhari and Muslim]
  • To make your meals as light as possible. As the Prophet ﷺ put it, “The worst thing a man can fill is his stomach.” [At-Tirmidhi, #2380]

IFTAR/FUTUR

  • A meal taken right after sunset, to break the fast
  • Sunnah to take as early as possible. The first “Allahu Akbar” of Adhan Al-Maghrib
  • Sunnah to eat dates in odd number. The Prophet ﷺ urged Muslims to break their fast on dates. He said: “If anyone of you breaks his fast, let him break it on dates; for they are a blessing from God.”

EATING DUE MEASURE IN SUHUR AND FUTUR

  • Why? The objective of fasting disappears due to one’s excessiveness in eating, for what is intended by the fast, is that one savors the taste of hunger and abandons his desires

DUA FOR BREAKING THE FAST

  • ALLAHUMMA LAKA SUMTU WA ALA RIZQIKA AFTARTU (O Allah! For Your sake I have fasted and with Your provision I break my fast.)

SOME BENEFITS OF DATES

  • They provide the body with glucose, which is the best diet for the brain cells and nerves
  • They free a fasting person from the conditional and functional nervous tension
  • They regulate the level of glucose intake in the blood stream, which makes the fasting person’s stomach partially full
  • They soften the digestive process

A BELIEVER IS HAPPY AT 2 TIMES

  1. Upon breaking his fast
  2. Upon meeting his Lord in Akhirah

FASTING ON A JOURNEY

  • It is permissible to break the fast. [Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew. [Al-Baqarah 2:184]
  • The Prophet ﷺ was asked whether one should fast when on a journey, and He replied: “Fast if you like, or postpone it if you like.” [Bukhari, Muslim]

WARNING!

  • The Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever misses the fast for one day of Ramadan without an excuse or illness, even a perpetual fast will not compensate for it.” [Ahmed, Tirmidhi]