NIGHT OF DECREE لـيـلـة الـقـدر
The glad tidings! The best night of the best nights… the night of power, honor and decree.
“Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree). And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is? The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. Therein descend the angels and the Ruh (Jibril) by Allah’s Permission with all Decrees. (All that night), there is peace (and goodness from Allah to his believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn.” [Al-Qadr 97:1-5]
“Verily, a blessed Month has come to you, and in this month there is a night which is better than thousand months, whoever is deprived of its blessings is deprived of all good, and none is deprived of its blessings except a very unfortunate person.” [Ibn Majah]
WHY IT WAS GIVEN TO US?
- The Prophet ﷺ was shown the long life span of people of previous nations, so he bemoaned the shortness of the life span of his Ummah, fearing that they might not be able to save many good deeds for the Hereafter.
- So Allah gave the Night of Power to compensate for their lack of longevity. The devoted believer has a chance of adding 80 something years of worship to his life on this night and will achieve the reward of a person who lived that long.
SEEKING THE NIGHT
- Hidden but it might be on the last 10 nights of Ramadan, specifically on the odd-numbered nights
- The Prophet ﷺ said, “Search for the night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramadan.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 3, Hadith #234]
- This one night surpasses the value of 30,000 nights or 83 years and 4 months
WHY IT WAS HIDDEN?
- One day, he came out to tell the companions the exact night. On the way he saw 2 men arguing with each other. By the will of Allah, he forgot and subsequently remembered it. Afterwards the Prophet ﷺ was instructed not to divulge this information. “Had I been allowed,” he remarked once, “I would have told you (of its exact time).” [Ahmad]
- Allah in His wisdom kept this hidden from us for many reasons. Perhaps He wants us to strive hard in our worship during the last ten days of Ramadan
- So we will not become lazy, worshiping hard on just that one night and denying ourselves the benefit of doing the same on the other nights
- The Prophet ﷺ said: “He who spends the night in prayer on the Night of Power, as a sign of His faith, and seeking rewards from Allah, his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
- This citation indicates that regardless of whether a person knows the night or not, Allah Almighty will grant him forgiveness for previous shortcomings
SIGNS OF ITS OCCURRENCE
- Pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon
- Neither cold nor hot
- No shooting star is permitted until dawn
- Serene and peaceful “…peace until the rise of the morn.” (peace means the whole night is good and no evil in it until dawn
- Angels will be more numerous than all the pebbles of the earth
- Sun appears smooth without rays on it like the moon on a full moon night
- Sunrise would appear reddish without its normal blazing and sharp rays
- The Prophet ﷺ said: “On the morning following Laylat-ul-Qadr the sun rises not having any rays, as if it were a brass dish, until it rises up.“ [Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmithi and Ibn Majah]
DUA FOR THIS NIGHT
Aishah (Radiyallahu Anha – may Allah be pleased with her) narrated, “I asked Allah’s Messenger what should I do if I find the night of Qadr.” The Holy Prophet replied, “Pray to Allah: (O our Lord! You are the most Forgiving, You love to forgive, so forgive us.)” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌ كَرِيمٌ تُحِبُّ العَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّيِ
ALLAHUMMA INNAKA AFUWUN KARIMUN TUHIBBUL AFWA FA’FU ANNI