You and Ramadan

YOU AND YOURSELF

  • Renew yourself: As you take care of physical hygiene, then practice emotional hygiene, as well
  • Repent from your sins, ask forgiveness from people and from Allah
  • Free yourself: Forgive those who hurt you and pardon those who betrayed you
  • Have a firm determination to fully reap its benefits
  • Eat less, drink more, sleep less…

YOU AND PRAYERS

  • To pray Fara’id in congregation, in the mosque, with concentration, at the earliest time
  • To pray the 12 Rak’ah stressed optional prayers (Sunan Ratibah)
  • To pray more Nawafil: Sunan Ghayr Ratibah, between Adhan and Iqamah
  • The Prophet ﷺ said: “The best prayer next to obligatory is the night prayer.”
  • Tahajjud: night prayer which falls between midnight and dawn (last third of the night)
  • Qiyam Al-Lail: optional prayers late at night in the last 10 nights of Ramadan
  • Allah praised those who engaged themselves in prayer at that time of the night: “They forsake their beds of sleep, while they call on their Lord, in fear and hope.”

SALAH AT-TARAWIH الترويح

  • Tarawih: special optional prayers early at night after Isha prayer (called WITR in other months)
  • Tarawih is derived from the Arabic root word “RAHA” which means to rest, to relax and use as recreation. It is so called because the believers used to prolong it. After every 4 Rak’at they would stop for rest and relaxation and resume
  • To pray Tarawih in Jama’ah is Sunnah revived by the second rightly-guided Khalifah Umar
  • Sunnah to do 11 Rak’ah. Aishah (Radiyallahu Anha – may Allah be pleased with her) said: “The Prophet never prayed more than 11 Rak’ah in the night neither in Ramadan nor in any other month.”
  • Full reward if done in Jama’ah, as if one had spent the rest of the night praying

YOU AND CHARITY

  • The Prophet ﷺ was the most generous of people and he was most generous during Ramadan. He was more generous with good deeds than the blowing wind. He said: “The best charity is given in Ramadan.” [Tirmidhi]
  • Set aside loose change per day throughout the year for charity (Sadaqah) in Ramadan.
  • Sadaqah is not only limited to money but also includes being generous in other ways, inviting people over for Futur, sharing food with neighbors, friends, poor…
  • Intensify humanitarian services by volunteering (orphanage, home for the aged…)

YOU AND D’AWAH/OTHERS

  • Give out Islamic books, pamphlets, tapes to non-Muslims. The Prophet ﷺ said: “If Allah were to guide someone on your hands, it would be better for you than this whole earth and what it contains.”
  • Aim to try and guide a non-practicing Muslim to Islam
  • The Prophet ﷺ said: “A person who cuts off his ties of kinship will not enter Paradise.“
  • Ziyarat: exchange social visits (families, relatives…)
  • Keep good relations with Muslims in general, with family and relatives specifically
  • Contact them before or during Ramadan

YOU AND DUA/DHIKR

  • The Prophetﷺ said: “A fasting person, upon breaking his fast, has a supplication that will not be rejected.” Therefore make use of this opportunity. Make a list of supplications, and continually say them throughout the month
  • Spend the last few minutes (while waiting for the Adhan) in Dua before breaking your fast. Make Dua for the Muslim Ummah
  • The days and the nights of Ramadan are exceptional times, on specified times are more likely to be answered (upon breaking the fast; the last hour of Friday…)

YOU AND THE QUR’AN

  • “And we have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, then is there any one who will remember (or receive admonition)?” [Al-Qamar 54:17
  • More Qira’at (recitation of the Qur’an), recite it even more than usual, while contemplating its meaning
  • Read the Qur’an in a month. Read one part each day, around 4 pages after each FARD prayer. There are 604 pages of the Qur’an. Each letter = 10 Hasanat

YOU AND LEARNING

  • If you cannot fast, make use of your time in any good deed
  • Read books of Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, lives of the prophets, books of Fiqh and so on
  • Listen Qur’an from the cassette tapes or CDs
  • Listen to recorded lectures
  • Watch Islamic programs in TV
  • Join in a Webinar

YOU AND THE MASJID

  • Itikaf (seclusion) literally means to stick to something, whether good or bad, and to block out everything else
  • Islamically, it is a special devotional act in the last 10 nights of Ramadan by staying in the mosque with the intention of becoming closer to Allah
  • One does not leave the Masjid except for absolutely necessary purposes (cut off from normal daily routine)
  • Sitting in the Masjid until sunrise. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever offers the Fajr prayer in congregation and remains seated, remembering Allah until sunrise, then performs 2 Rak’ah it will be for him as the reward of a complete act of Hajj and Umrah.”
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