Zakat Al-Fitr

ZAKAH AL-FITR زكاة الفطر


  • It is a type of charity mandatory on every Muslim on his behalf and on behalf of those he is in charge of at the end of Ramadan calculated to feed one poor person in his region for one day
  • It was made obligatory in Sha’ban, 2AH, in Madinah

WISDOM BEHIND IT

  • To purify one who fasts from any indecent act or speech and to help the poor so that they have enough provision for that day and make them happy on that day as well.
  • The Prophet ﷺ said: “Zakat-Al-Fitr serves as a purification for the fasting Muslim from vain talk and obscenity and as food for the poor.” [Sahih Muslim]

WHEN TO GIVE?

  • It should be given before Eid prayer
  • It can be given two or three days before Eid
  • If given after the Eid prayer, it will count as an ordinary Sadaqah

THOSE ENTITLED TO RECEIVE

As-Sadaqat (here it means Zakat) are only for the Fuqara’ (poor), and Al-Masakin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah’s Cause (i.e. for Mujahidun – those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise. [At-Tawbah 9:60]

  1. Al-Fuqara (the poor)
  2. Al-Masakin (the needy)
  3. Al-’Amilin ‘Alayha (those employed to administer the funds)
  4. Al-Mu’allafa Qulubuhum (those whose hearts have been recently reconciled to the truth i.e. revert Muslims)
  5. Fir Riqab (those in bondage i.e. freeing the captives)
  6. Al-Gharimin ‘Alayha (those in debt)
  7. Fi Sabilillah (those fighting in the cause of Allah)
  8. Ibnus Sabil (the wayfarer)