Tag Archives: PROVISION

Ar-Razzaq, Ar-Raziq

AR- RAZZÂQ (الرزاق) The All-Provider
AR-RÂZIQ (الرازق) The Provider
KHAYRUR RÂZIQIN (خيرالرازقين) Best of Providers

Rizq (sustenanace) is already decreed for man ever since the soul was blown into the fetus. AR-RAZZÂQ is in the magnified form stressing Allah’s great magnitude and variety of Rizq. Allah is the provider and He alone controls Rizq. He grants or withholds Rizq to everyone, either He loves them or not, according to His wisdom. The verb form Razaqa (رَزَقَ) meaning “to provide” occurs 61 times in the holy Quran indicating that Allah is continuously providing Rizq. 

2 Kinds of Rizq

  1. Physical (material): wealth, beauty, family, house, income…
  2. Spiritual (abstract): guidance, wisdom, knowledge, peace of mind, talent, intelligence…

Evidence/s

  • “Verily, Allâh is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, the Most Strong.” (إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلرَّزَّاقُ ذُو ٱلۡقُوَّةِ ٱلۡمَتِينُ) [Adh-Dhariyat 51:58]
  • Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “O Allah , our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the Best of Providers.” [Al-Ma’idah 5:114]
  • And those who emigrated for the cause of Allah and then were killed or died – Allah will surely provide for them a good provision. And indeed, it is Allah who is the Best of Providers. [Al-Hajj 22:58]
  • Or do you, [O Muhammad], ask them for payment? But the reward of your Lord is best, and He is the Best of Providers. [Al-Mu’minun 23:72]
  • Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the Best of Providers.” [Saba 34:39]
  • But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the Best of Providers.” [Al-Jumu’ah 62:11]

Links/Sources

  1. Video: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Ar-Raziq, Ar-Razzaq Part 1,Part 2) by Shaykh Fadel Soliman
  2. Article: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Ar-Razzaq) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  3. Istighfar and Tawbah – How To And Why
  4. The Salah Series: Part 26 (Forgive Me) by Jinan Yousef

Prostration of recitation

SUJUD AT-TILAWAH سجود التلاوة


Sujud At-Tilawah is one prostration caused by recitation on the word “Sujud,” either inside or outside the Salah (prayer). It is Sunnah to do it, as proven from the Hadith of Zayd ibn Thabit (radiyallahu anhu) and in another Hadith of Umar ibn Al-Khattab (radiyallahu anhu).

THERE ARE 3 TEXTUAL MARKS

  1. A horizontal dash placed under the word (sometimes over it) indicating Sujud.
  2. A characteristic mark at the end of the verse denoting the exact point for Sujud.
  3. Another marginal sign opposite the end of the same verse, the word ‘Sajdah‘ is written inside it.

EXAMPLE (SURAH AL-ALAQ)

1

PLACES OF SUJUD IN THE QUR’AN

  1. Part 9: Al-Araf 7:206 [last verse of the Surah]
  2. Part 13: Ar-Rad 13:15
  3. Part 14: An-Nahl 16:50
  4. Part 15: Al-Isra 17:109
  5. Part 16: Maryam19:58
  6. Part 17: Al-Hajj 22:18
  7. Part 17: Al-Hajj 22:77 [only Imam Shafi’i suggests Sujud at this point]
  8. Part 19: Al-Furqan 25:60
  9. Part 19: An-Naml 27:26
  10. Part 21: As-Sajdah 32:15
  11. Part 23: Sad 38:24
  12. Part 24: Fussilat 41:38
  13. Part 27: An-Najm 53:62 [last verse of the Surah]
  14. Part 30: Al-Inshiqaq 84:21
  15. Part 30: Al-Alaq 96:19 [last verse of the Surah]

DUA FOR SUJUD AT-TILAWAH

Ali (radiyallahu anhu) reported that when the Prophet ﷺ prostrated, he would say:

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ سَجَدْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ سَجَدَ وَجْهِى لِلَّذِى خَلَقَهُ وَصَوَّرَهُ وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ تَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ

Transliteration

ALLAHUMMA, LAKA SAJADTU WA BIKA AMANTU WA LAKA ASLAMTU. SAJADA WAJ-HIYA LILLADHI KHALAQAHU WA SAWWARAHU WA SHAQQA SAMÁHU WA BASARAHU, BIHAWLIHI WA QUWWATIHI, FATABARAK-ALLAHU AHSANUL KHALIQIN.

Translation
O Allah! “O Allah, to You have I prostrated, in You have I believed, and to You have I submitted. I have prostrated my face to the One who created me and formed me in the best of forms. He is the One who gave it hearing and sight. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators.”

[Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Hadith 1695]


اللَّهُمَّ اكْتُبْ لِي بِهَا عِنْدَكَ أَجْرًا وَضَعْ عَنِّي بِهَا وِزْرًا وَاجْعَلْهَا لِي عِنْدَكَ ذُخْرًا وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّي كَمَا تَقَبَّلْتَهَا مِنْ عَبْدِكَ دَاوُدَ

Transliteration
ALLAHUMMA, UKTUB LI BIHA INDAKA AJRAN WADA’ ÁNNI BIHA WIZRAN WAJÁLHA LI ÍNDAKA DHUKH-RAN WA TAQABBALHA MINNI KAMA TAQABBALTAHA MIN ÁBDIKA DAWUD.

Translation

O Allah! Record for me, a reward with You for it, remove a sin from me by it, and store it away for me with You for it, and accept it from me as You accepted it from Your worshiper Dawud.

[Jami At-Tirmidhi 3424, Chapter 33, Book 48, Hadith 55]

Links and Sources

  1. Sujud At-Tilawah
  2. How to do Sujud At-Tilawah?

Lifetime provision

Dua for continuous maintenance.

اللهم اجعل اوسع رزقك على عند كبر سني وانقطاع عمري

Transliteration
ALLAHUMMAJ-ÁL AWSAÁ RIZQIKA ÁLLAYA ÍNDA KIBARI SINNI WAN-QITA-Í ÚMURI

Translation
O Allah! Expand for me Your provision till my old age and till the end of my life.

Al-Qabidh, Al-Basit

(القابض) The Withholder

(الباسط) The Releaser

The contrast between Qabidh and Basit shows that they can only co-exist as attributes, a sense of give and take, of back and forth movement, of withholding and taking. AL-QĀBID withholds the means of subsistence and AL-BĀSIT expands Rizq, as in charity is taken from the rich to enlarge the provision for the poor. AL-BĀSIT breathes the souls into the bodies and AL-QĀBID takes the souls at the time of death.

These two names should be mentioned together because perfection in either of them requires the presence of the other. He is the One who limits or reduces the sustenance of some humans, while granting others ample provision in accordance with His wisdom and mercy. It is not a matter of good or bad luck or blind destiny; it is part of God’s deliberate plan in order to extract from human beings the highest moral characteristics possible. We all go through periods of unimaginable exhilaration and happiness alternated by periods of hopelessness and heartbreaks. However, we often find ourselves completely dejected and hopeless when a small/big calamity strikes us and tend to forget Allah during times of ease. Allah is Al-Qabid and Al-Basit. What does that mean? It means He withholds when He feels it is right and gives you when He feels it is right. Therefore, when you are going through periods of extreme pain and constriction, remind yourself of Al-Basit, the One who can expand things for you and make it light. This name reminds us that indeed, with every hardship you face, there will be ease, it is around the corner. The night doesn’t last forever; the break of dawn is always near. The darkness of your worries are not meant to last forever either because this Dunya is designed to test you, not to break you. [Dr. Bilal Philips, IOU]

Evidence/s

  • … And it is Allah that decreases or increases (your provisions)…. [Al-Baqarah 2:245]
  • Your Lord expands the provision of anyone He wills and restricts it…. [Al-Isra 17:30]
  • Allah extends provision for whom He wills and restricts it…. [Ar-Rád 13:26]
  • Do they not see that Allah extends provision for whom He wills and restricts it….? [Ar-Rum 30:37]

Links/Sources

  1. Ariticle: The Beautiful Names of Allah (Al-Qabid, Al-Basit) by Dr. Ratib An-Nabulsi
  2. Article: With the Divine: Part 11 (Al-Qabid, Al-Basit) by Jinan Yousef